Diagnostic Study of Temporal Arteritis
Despite a large and growing body of knowledge concerning the diagnosis of temporal arteritis, this potentially crippling disease still requires pathological diagnosis in practically every case. It seems likely that a correctly estimated clinical probability could help in evaluating imaging results in a way that might safely obviate temporal biopsy in a large segment of suspect cases.
With this aim in view, we intend to identify useful clinical items and integrate them in an appropriate diagnostic pathway.
Observational Model: Case-Only
Not yet recruiting
Tel-Aviv Sourasky Medical Center
Results (where available)
- Source: http://clinicaltrials.gov/show/NCT01130857
- Information obtained from ClinicalTrials.gov on July 15, 2010
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
Anterior Temporal Lobectomy
A neurosurgical procedure that removes the anterior TEMPORAL LOBE including the medial temporal structures of CEREBRAL CORTEX; AMYGDALA; HIPPOCAMPUS; and the adjacent PARAHIPPOCAMPAL GYRUS. This procedure is generally used for the treatment of intractable temporal epilepsy (EPILEPSY, TEMPORAL LOBE).
Giant Cell Arteritis
A systemic autoimmune disorder that typically affects medium and large ARTERIES, usually leading to occlusive granulomatous vasculitis with transmural infiltrate containing multinucleated GIANT CELLS. The TEMPORAL ARTERY is commonly involved. This disorder appears primarily in people over the age of 50. Symptoms include FEVER; FATIGUE; HEADACHE; visual impairment; pain in the jaw and tongue; and aggravation of pain by cold temperatures. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed)
Epilepsy, Temporal Lobe
A localization-related (focal) form of epilepsy characterized by recurrent seizures that arise from foci within the temporal lobe, most commonly from its mesial aspect. A wide variety of psychic phenomena may be associated, including illusions, hallucinations, dyscognitive states, and affective experiences. The majority of complex partial seizures (see EPILEPSY, COMPLEX PARTIAL) originate from the temporal lobes. Temporal lobe seizures may be classified by etiology as cryptogenic, familial, or symptomatic (i.e., related to an identified disease process or lesion). (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p321)
Cranial Fossa, Middle
The compartment containing the anterior extremities and half the inferior surface of the temporal lobes (TEMPORAL LOBE) of the cerebral hemispheres. Lying posterior and inferior to the anterior cranial fossa (CRANIAL FOSSA, ANTERIOR), it is formed by part of the TEMPORAL BONE and SPHENOID BONE. It is separated from the posterior cranial fossa (CRANIAL FOSSA, POSTERIOR) by crests formed by the superior borders of the petrous parts of the temporal bones.
Arteries arising from the external carotid or the maxillary artery and distributing to the temporal region.
Repeat MRI of the Superficial temporal Artery in 5 volunteers
Giant cell arteritis (GCA) and Takayasu's arteritis (TAK) are diseases that cause swelling of the arteries in the head, neck, upper body, and arms. TAK specifically affects the aorta, the...
Cortico-dependence is frequent in giant cell arteritis patients, and no drugs has proved its ability to prevent corticodependence. Hydrocychloroquine is a well tolerated immunomodulatory d...
Hypothesis: In giant cell arteritis (GCA), a short initial treatment with anti-TNF may allow a faster decrease of steroids dosage and therefore avoid some of the adverse events of steroids...
Assessing disease activity in people with Takayasu's arteritis is difficult, as most people with the disease do not exhibit visible, measurable symptoms. Combination positron emission tomo...
We describe the case of a patient with documented temporal arteritis, who presented two years into her course with acute digital ischemia, presumed secondary to small vessel vasculitis. To our knowled...
Temporal arteritis, also termed giant cell arteritis, is one of the vasculitides affecting large and medium sized cranial arteries, particularly of the carotid tree. Clinical manifestations may vary f...
BACKGROUND:: Temporal artery (TA) biopsy is the current standard for diagnosing temporal arteritis, but has limited sensitivity. Colour duplex ultrasonography is a newer, non-invasive method of diagno...
A 71-year-old woman developed progressive spreading of bitemporal scalp necrosis within 4 weeks accompanied by headaches, myalgia of the shoulder girdle and muscle weakness that had started a few mont...
Giant cell arteritis (GCA), also called temporal arteritis, is a vasculitis that affects large and middle-sized blood vessels-with predisposition to the involvement of cranial arteries derived from th...