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Clozapine and Olanzapine Treatment of Aggression

2014-08-27 03:13:41 | BioPortfolio

Summary

This was a double-blind randomized study with three treatment arms: clozapine, olanzapine and haloperidol. We compared these three medications in the treatment of aggressive behavior over a 12 week period.

Description

Objective: The purpose of our study was the investigation of the effect of atypical antipsychotic agents on interpersonal violence and aggression.

We compared the efficacy of two atypical antipsychotic agents, clozapine and olanzapine with one another and with haloperidol in the treatment of physical assaults and other assaultive behaviors in physically assaultive patients with schizophrenia and schizoaffective disorder.

Method: The subjects were 110 physically assaultive inpatients diagnosed with schizophrenia or schizoaffective disorder.

They were randomly assigned to treatment with clozapine (N=37), olanzapine (N=37) or haloperidol (N=36) in a 12-week, double-blind trial. Incidents of overt aggression were recorded and their severity was scored with the Modified Overt Aggression Scale (MOAS). Psychiatric symptoms were assessed through the Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale (PANSS). We also assessed various side effects and monitored vital signs and drew bloods.

Study Design

Allocation: Randomized, Control: Active Control, Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor), Primary Purpose: Treatment

Conditions

Schizophrenia

Intervention

Clozapine, Olanzapine, Haloperidol

Location

Nathan Kline Institute
Orangeburg
New York
United States
10962

Status

Completed

Source

Nathan Kline Institute for Psychiatric Research

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:13:41-0400

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