Neutrophile Gelatinase Associated Lipocalin Evaluation in Septic Acute Kidney Injury
Acute kidney injury (AKI) is a major organ failure in septic shock. Current medical tests (serum creatinine and urea) cannot identify AKI until approximately 48 hours after it occurs. Neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL) may be able to predict ischemic AKI more effectively and faster than serum creatinine and urea levels.
The purpose of this study is to take a blood sample from patients at admission and then at 24 and 48 hours after to test their plasma for NGAL and compare the NGAL levels to their creatinine and urea levels. The investigators hypothesize that NGAL is an earlier marker to classify the kidney failure as acute tubular necrosis or pre-renal azotemia than creatinine and urea.
Primary Outcome Measures:
To correlate elevated serum NGAL with the diagnosis of intrinsic acute kidney injury in septic shock
Secondary Outcome Measures :
To compare serum NGAL with serum creatinine, serum urea and urine output in septic AKI Death within the intensive care unit Death from all causes at 28 days after inclusion
Observational Model: Cohort, Time Perspective: Prospective
Acute Kidney Failure
Reanimation medicale, Hopital Saint-Andre, Bordeaux University Hospital
Active, not recruiting
Université Victor Segalen Bordeaux 2
Results (where available)
- Source: http://clinicaltrials.gov/show/NCT01122225
- Information obtained from ClinicalTrials.gov on July 15, 2010
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
A severe irreversible decline in the ability of kidneys to remove wastes, concentrate URINE, and maintain ELECTROLYTE BALANCE; BLOOD PRESSURE; and CALCIUM metabolism. Renal failure, either acute (KIDNEY FAILURE, ACUTE) or chronic (KIDNEY FAILURE, CHRONIC), requires HEMODIALYSIS.
Acute Kidney Injury
Abrupt reduction in kidney function defined as an absolute increase in serum CREATININE of more than or equal to 0.3. mg/dl, a percentage increase in serum creatinine of more than or equal to 50%, or a reduction in urine output. Acute kidney injury encompasses the entire spectrum of the syndrome including acute kidney failure; ACUTE KIDNEY TUBULAR NECROSIS; and other less severe conditions.
Kidney Tubular Necrosis, Acute
Acute kidney failure resulting from destruction of EPITHELIAL CELLS of the KIDNEY TUBULES. It is commonly attributed to exposure to toxic agents or renal ISCHEMIA following severe TRAUMA.
Renal Insufficiency, Acute
Conditions in which the function of KIDNEYS deteriorates suddenly in a matter of days or even hours. It is characterized by the sudden drop in GLOMERULAR FILTRATION RATE; (GMR). The most severe stage is when the GFR drops below 15 ml per min (ACUTE KIDNEY FAILURE).
Kidney Failure, Acute
A severe stage of acute renal insufficiency, characterized by the sudden decrease in GLOMERULAR FILTRATION RATE to less than 15 ml per min, sometime to less than 1 to 2 ml per min. It is usually associated with OLIGURIA; EDEMA; and increase in BLOOD UREA NITROGEN and serum CREATININE concentrations.
Acute kidney failure is common in children in the Pediatric Intensive Care Unit (PICU). You are being asked to participate in this study because your child is being treated for kidney fai...
The purpose of this study is to find substances in the blood and urine that indicate that a person has kidney damage. It will identify proteins found only in patients with acute kidney fa...
Determination of the concentration of uremic toxins of sepsis patients with or without acute kidney failure compared to the concentrations of uremic toxins of chronically uremic patients
The purpose of this project is to assess the safety and effectiveness of fondaparinux, a new drug to prevent blood clotting in the continuous dialysis machine used in intensive care patien...
The purpose of the study is to compare the effect of fenoldopam and ketanserin on kidney function preservation in patients at high risk for renal failure after cardiac surgery. Acute, olig...
Nakamura M, Seki G, Iwadoh K, Nakajima I, Fuchinoue S, Fujita T, Teraoka S. Acute kidney injury as defined by the RIFLE criteria is a risk factor for kidney transplant graft failure. Clin Transplant 2...
Background: Galectin 3 (G3) is a mediator of fibrosis and remodeling in heart failure. Methods: Patients diagnosed with and treated for Acute Heart Failure Syndromes were prospectively enrolled in the...
Acute kidney injury (AKI) is frequently seen in hospitalized patients and its incidence increases with the severity of illness. Recent studies have further illuminated the interdependent relationship...
Objective: This systematic review evaluates the clinical utility of a novel biomarker kidney injury molecule 1 (Kim-1) in the prediction, diagnosis and prognosis of acute kidney injury (AKI). Methods:...