Vitamin D and Inflammatory Cytokine Levels After Acute Myocardial Infraction (MI)
Vitamin D is known to have immune-modulator effects including suppression of proinflammatory cytokine expression and regulation of immune cell activity. Vitamin D supplementation has been associated with a reduction in pro-inflammatory cytokines in patients with heart failure, and vitamin D deficiency has been associated with higher rates of myocardial infarcts. The levels of pro and anti-inflammatory cytokines also effect the outcome after acute coronary events.
The proposed interventional study is targeted as a feasibility study targeted at assessing the role of vitamin D as an anti-inflammatory mediator.
The study is planned as a randomized open label interventional trial. The study will be conducted of 50 adult patients (25 interventional group, 25 control), all from the internal ward in "Meir" medical center. Patients which are admitted after an acute coronary event will be randomized to the Vitamin D supplementation group or to the control group. the vitamin D group will receive 4000IU per day of vitamin D for five days. Cytokine levels will be measured at day 1 and at day 5. follow up will be continued for 6 months
Primary end point:
Levels of immune mediating cytokines (CRP, TNF-α. Il-2, IL-6, IL-12 and IL-10) after a five day intervention in patients serum.
Any major cardiovascular event within follow-up period. Any death of any cause during follow-up period
the investigators expect vitamin D supplementation after a pro-inflammatory state such as an acute coronary event, combined with conventional therapy, to result in decreased levels of inflammatory serum bio-markers.
- Acute coronary syndrome (as defined previously).
- No advanced renal disease (creatinine levels < 1.8 for men and 1.5 for women).
- No known parathyroid or calcium homeostasis abnormalities
- Baseline Calcium levels within normal limits.
- No vitamin D supplementation taken within 4 months of current admission.
- No coexisting pro-inflammatory conditions (e.g. infection, active autoimmune disease)
- No coexisting immune-mediator agents (e.g. corticosteroids, anti-TNF or other biological agents).
- No participation in other interventional studies.
- Signing an informed consent form.
- Advanced renal failure
- Abnormal serum calcium levels upon admission
- Primary parathyroid or calcium homeostasis abnormalities.
- Coexisting pro-inflammatory conditions (e.g. infection, active autoimmune disease)
- Coexisting immune-mediator agents (e.g. corticosteroids, anti-TNF or other biological agents)
- Participation in other interventional studies.
- Inability or refusal to sign an informed consent.
Allocation: Randomized, Control: Placebo Control, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Basic Science
Acute Coronary Syndrome
Meir Medical Center
Not yet recruiting
Meir Medical Center
Results (where available)
- Source: http://clinicaltrials.gov/show/NCT01115842
- Information obtained from ClinicalTrials.gov on July 15, 2010
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
A lipid cofactor that is required for normal blood clotting. Several forms of vitamin K have been identified: VITAMIN K 1 (phytomenadione) derived from plants, VITAMIN K 2 (menaquinone) from bacteria, and synthetic naphthoquinone provitamins, VITAMIN K 3 (menadione). Vitamin K 3 provitamins, after being alkylated in vivo, exhibit the antifibrinolytic activity of vitamin K. Green leafy vegetables, liver, cheese, butter, and egg yolk are good sources of vitamin K.
Abnormal balloon- or sac-like dilatation in the wall of CORONARY VESSELS. Most coronary aneurysms are due to CORONARY ATHEROSCLEROSIS, and the rest are due to inflammatory diseases, such as KAWASAKI DISEASE.
Acute Coronary Syndrome
An episode of MYOCARDIAL ISCHEMIA that generally lasts longer than a transient anginal episode but that does not usually result in MYOCARDIAL INFARCTION.
Coronary Vessel Anomalies
Malformations of CORONARY VESSELS, either arteries or veins. Included are anomalous origins of coronary arteries; ARTERIOVENOUS FISTULA; CORONARY ANEURYSM; MYOCARDIAL BRIDGING; and others.
Coronary-subclavian Steal Syndrome
A complication of INTERNAL MAMMARY-CORONARY ARTERY ANASTOMOSIS whereby an occlusion or stenosis of the proximal SUBCLAVIAN ARTERY causes a reversal of the blood flow away from the CORONARY CIRCULATION, through the grafted INTERNAL MAMMARY ARTERY (internal thoracic artery), and back to the distal subclavian distribution.
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