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The purpose of this study is to determine whether embryo transfer on day 3 versus day 5 shows a significant difference in implantation, clinical pregnancy, live birth, miscarriage and multiple pregnancy rates among women with at least two previous IVF failures
A total of 200 infertile women with at least two previous IVF failures will enroll in this prospective randomized clinical trial study and will randomly be divided into two groups. Random permuted blocks with a block size of 4 will be used to ensure randomization and complete allocation concealment.
The study protocol will be assessed by an independent institutional review board and Royan ethics committee.
Ovarian stimulation protocol will include the use of a GnRH agonist (Superfact; Aventis Pharma Deutshlan, Frankfurt, Germany) administered in the long (down-regulation) protocol and the subsequent addition of FSH (Gonal F, Sereno, Switzerland). Embryos will be initially cultured in G1.V5 medium) Vitrolife-Sweden)TM on day 1 and 2, being transferred from this medium to G2.V5 ) Vitrolife-Sweden)TM on day 3. Embryos will be transferred on day 5, depending on the degree of expansion of the blastocyst.
Main outcome measures will be implantation, clinical pregnancy and live birth rates.
Allocation: Randomized, Control: Active Control, Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment, Masking: Single Blind (Outcomes Assessor), Primary Purpose: Treatment
Day 5 embryo transfer group
Iran, Islamic Republic of
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-07-23T16:09:30-0400
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A medical-surgical specialty concerned with the morphology, physiology, biochemistry, and pathology of reproduction in man and other animals, and on the biological, medical, and veterinary problems of fertility and lactation. It includes ovulation induction, diagnosis of infertility and recurrent pregnancy loss, and assisted reproductive technologies such as embryo transfer, in vitro fertilization, and intrafallopian transfer of zygotes. (From Infertility and Reproductive Medicine Clinics of North America, Foreword 1990; Journal of Reproduction and Fertility, Notice to Contributors, Jan 1979)
The techniques used to select and/or place only one embryo from FERTILIZATION IN VITRO into the uterine cavity to establish a singleton pregnancy.
Inability to reproduce after a specified period of unprotected intercourse. Reproductive sterility is permanent infertility.
Enzymes that transfer the ADP-RIBOSE group of NAD or NADP to proteins or other small molecules. Transfer of ADP-ribose to water (i.e., hydrolysis) is catalyzed by the NADASES. The mono(ADP-ribose)transferases transfer a single ADP-ribose. POLY(ADP-RIBOSE) POLYMERASES transfer multiple units of ADP-ribose to protein targets, building POLY ADENOSINE DIPHOSPHATE RIBOSE in linear or branched chains.
The transfer of mammalian embryos from an in vivo or in vitro environment to a suitable host to improve pregnancy or gestational outcome in human or animal. In human fertility treatment programs, preimplantation embryos ranging from the 4-cell stage to the blastocyst stage are transferred to the uterine cavity between 3-5 days after FERTILIZATION IN VITRO.
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Obstetrics and gynaecology
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In a clinical trial or interventional study, participants receive specific interventions according to the research plan or protocol created by the investigators. These interventions may be medical products, such as drugs or devices; procedures; or change...