Genetics of Obesity in Chinese Youngs
The purpose of this study is to explore the pathogenesis and genetic susceptibility of obese subjects,providing a convincing argument for further treatment of obesity and metabolic syndrome.
Obesity has become a major worldwide challenge to public health, owing to an interaction between the obesogenic environment and a strong genetic contribution.Previous studies found that genetic factors determine 40%-70% of obese phenotype.Under such circumstances, the screening of obesity susceptibility gene is particularly important for society or family to take measures to prevent obesity.
Recent extensive genome-wide association studies(GWASs) have identified numerous single nucleotide polymorphisms associated with obesity,but these loci together account for only a small fraction of the known heritable component.Two studies in 2010 Nature,for the first time, put rare copy number variation (CNV)in association with severe early-onset obesity.Their significance lie not only in the discovery of the pathogenic genes of severe early-onset obesity but,more importantly,in providing new strategies for finding out genes that cause complex diseases.
Obese patients and healthy lean controls proved by a series of blood biochemical examinations will be enrolled in this study.The present study intends to use the techniques such as enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, real-time fluorescence quantitative PCR,gene chip,construction of viral vectors,transfection,taking advantage of the established database,by means of serum assays and functional tests, associate copy number variation with obesity phenotype to explain the root cause of obesity.Meanwhile biomarkers and genetic risk factors will be evaluated in the study subjects.
Observational Model: Cohort, Time Perspective: Cross-Sectional
Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine
Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine
Results (where available)
- Source: http://clinicaltrials.gov/show/NCT01084967
- Information obtained from ClinicalTrials.gov on July 15, 2010
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
A condition of having excess fat in the abdomen. Abdominal obesity is typically defined as waist circumferences of 40 inches or more in men and 35 inches or more in women. Abdominal obesity raises the risk of developing disorders, such as diabetes, hypertension and METABOLIC SYNDROME X.
The condition of weighing two, three, or more times the ideal weight, so called because it is associated with many serious and life-threatening disorders. In the BODY MASS INDEX, morbid obesity is defined as having a BMI greater than 40.0 kg/m2.
Agents that increase energy expenditure and weight loss by neural and chemical regulation. Beta-adrenergic agents and serotoninergic drugs have been experimentally used in patients with non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM) to treat obesity.
A status with BODY WEIGHT that is grossly above the acceptable or desirable weight, usually due to accumulation of excess FATS in the body. The standards may vary with age, sex, genetic or cultural background. In the BODY MASS INDEX, a BMI greater than 30.0 kg/m2 is considered obese, and a BMI greater than 40.0 kg/m2 is considered morbidly obese (MORBID OBESITY).
The discipline concerned with WEIGHT REDUCTION in patients with OBESITY.
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