Clinical Research of Retrograde Infraclavicular Brachial Plexus Blockade
Brachial plexus block is a frequently used technique for upper extremity surgery. All present approaches and techniques have certain advantages and disadvantages. It's necessary to develop a new approach to brachial plexus block which 1) provides reliable anesthesia, 2) is easy to perform, 3) isn't restricted by posture, 4) provides extensive sensory distribution, 5) causes as few complications as possible, 6) easily place a secured catheter for post-operative analgesia. The investigators established the retrograde infraclavicular brachial plexus block approach. The investigators compared and verified the feasibility, efficacy and safety of this new approach with other classic approaches to brachial plexus block.
Traditional brachial plexus block approaches have certain limitations. This study evaluated the effectiveness, safety and feasibility of a new retrograde infraclavicular brachial plexus block as compared with interscalene and supraclavicular approaches. 90 patients scheduled for elective upper limb surgery were recruited and randomized into three groups, 30 for each group. Patients of Group A received retrograde infraclavicular block, interscalene (by Winnie) approach for Group B and supraclavicular (by Kulenkampff) approach for Group C. The retrograde infraclavicular block was performed with the insertion point medial to the coracoid process and the needle advanced to ipsilateral interscalene groove. Neurostimulation was used and 40ml of 0.5% ropivacaine were injected. Sensory block, adverse effects and complications were evaluated and recorded every 5 minutes until 30min after local anesthetic injection. The needle insertion depth, angles in coronary and sagittal planes of Group A were also recorded. Success rate of each nerve sensory block, sensory block result, complications, rate of satisfaction, rate of failure and incidence rate of adverse effects are all compared among groups.
Allocation: Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Double Blind (Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
brachial plexus block
Beijing jishuitan hospital
Beijing Jishuitan Hospital
Results (where available)
- Source: http://clinicaltrials.gov/show/NCT01075503
- Information obtained from ClinicalTrials.gov on July 15, 2010
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
The large network of nerve fibers which distributes the innervation of the upper extremity. The brachial plexus extends from the neck into the axilla. In humans, the nerves of the plexus usually originate from the lower cervical and the first thoracic spinal cord segments (C5-C8 and T1), but variations are not uncommon.
Brachial Plexus Neuritis
A syndrome associated with inflammation of the BRACHIAL PLEXUS. Clinical features include severe pain in the shoulder region which may be accompanied by MUSCLE WEAKNESS and loss of sensation in the upper extremity. This condition may be associated with VIRUS DISEASES; IMMUNIZATION; SURGERY; heroin use (see HEROIN DEPENDENCE); and other conditions. The term brachial neuralgia generally refers to pain associated with brachial plexus injury. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, pp1355-6)
Brachial Plexus Neuropathies
Diseases of the cervical (and first thoracic) roots, nerve trunks, cords, and peripheral nerve components of the BRACHIAL PLEXUS. Clinical manifestations include regional pain, PARESTHESIA; MUSCLE WEAKNESS, and decreased sensation (HYPESTHESIA) in the upper extremity. These disorders may be associated with trauma (including BIRTH INJURIES); THORACIC OUTLET SYNDROME; NEOPLASMS; NEURITIS; RADIOTHERAPY; and other conditions. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, pp1351-2)
Cervical Rib Syndrome
A condition associated with compression of the BRACHIAL PLEXUS; SUBCLAVIAN ARTERY; and SUBCLAVIAN VEIN at the thoracic outlet and caused by a complete or incomplete anomalous CERVICAL RIB or fascial band connecting the tip of a cervical rib with the first thoracic rib. Clinical manifestations may include pain in the neck and shoulder which radiates into the upper extremity, PARESIS or PARALYSIS of brachial plexus innervated muscles; sensory loss; PARESTHESIAS; ISCHEMIA; and EDEMA. (Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p214)
A major nerve of the upper extremity. In humans, the fibers of the median nerve originate in the lower cervical and upper thoracic spinal cord (usually C6 to T1), travel via the brachial plexus, and supply sensory and motor innervation to parts of the forearm and hand.
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