Immunohistochemical Study of Human Teeth Pulp Capped With Mineral Trioxide Aggregate (MTA) and Novel Endodontic Cement (NEC)
The purpose of this study is to evaluate the response of human dental pulp to capping with MTA and NEC by histology and immunohistochemistry, using fibronectin and tenascin as markers, following 2 weeks and 8 weeks.
Capping of the exposed pulp is indicated for reversible pulp tissue injury after physical or mechanical trauma in developing or mature teeth.The response to direct pulp capping with materials such as MTA or NEC is the formation of dentin barrier, resulting from the recruitment and proliferation of undifferentiated cells.
Different materials can be used to induce dentinal bridge formation.MTA has been introduced as a proper material to induce dentinal bridge formation,with greater mean thickness of dentinal bridge and less inflammation compared to traditional materials like calcium hydroxide. Although biocompatible, MTA has a poor handling characteristic, delay setting time, off-white color, and it is almost expensive.The Novel Endodontic Cement (NEC) has been introduced to combine reasonable characteristics of MTA with appropriate chemical properties, setting time, color, and handling characteristics.
The extracellular matrix (ECM) of pulp comprises a variety of proteins and polysaccharides, forming a neat network. The ECM components can induce either reactionary or reparative dentin formation. Fibronectin (FN) and tenascin (TNC) are the two major glycoproteins involved in wound healing and odontogenesis.
Fibronectins (FNs) are a class of high molecular weight adhesive proteins composed of two very large subunits. It has a variety of cell functions, such as adhesion, migration, growth, and differentiation. Furthermore FN may be involved in the polarization and migration of odontoblasts.
Tenascin is a large oligomeric glycoprotein of the ECM secreted by fibroblasts and glial cells in tissue cultures. It has also been identified in pulp and more prominent in dentinogenesis. TN has been shown to be important in the differentiation of odontoblasts. Therefore, it may be associated with secondary dentin formation, when pulp cells differentiate into odontoblasts in response to physiologic stimuli.
Although dentin bridge formation has been reported,using different materials such as MTA and NEC in direct pulp cap, but the exact mechanism is not well understood. Immunohistochemistry, using different markers, may be useful in developing the molecules involved in this process.
Moreover,response of dental pulp to different pulp capping materials can be studied,including mean thickness of dentinal bridge, morphology of dentinal bridge, and intensity of pulp inflammation and presence of odontoblast cells.
Allocation: Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Double Blind (Caregiver, Outcomes Assessor), Primary Purpose: Treatment
Direct Pulp Capping
direct pulp capping and covering the exposed pulp, direct pulp capping and covering the exposed pulp
Mashhad university of medical sciences
Iran, Islamic Republic of
Mashhad University of Medical Sciences
Results (where available)
- Source: http://clinicaltrials.gov/show/NCT01066533
- Information obtained from ClinicalTrials.gov on July 15, 2010
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
Dental Pulp Capping
Application of a protective agent to an exposed pulp (direct capping) or the remaining thin layer of dentin over a nearly exposed pulp (indirect capping) in order to allow the pulp to recover and maintain its normal vitality and function.
A dental specialty concerned with the maintenance of the dental pulp in a state of health and the treatment of the pulp cavity (pulp chamber and pulp canal).
Pulp Capping And Pulpectomy Agents
Materials used in DENTAL PULP CAPPING or PULPECTOMY.
Dental Pulp Necrosis
Death of pulp tissue with or without bacterial invasion. When the necrosis is due to ischemia with superimposed bacterial infection, it is referred to as pulp gangrene. When the necrosis is non-bacterial in origin, it is called pulp mummification.
Dental Pulp Cavity
The space in a tooth bounded by the dentin and containing the dental pulp. The portion of the cavity within the crown of the tooth is the pulp chamber; the portion within the root is the pulp canal or root canal.
CAP-2 Trial Background: This trial is being done in conjunction with an ongoing clinical trial investigating stepwise excavation versus final excavation on deep caries lesions (The CAP-1...
The human tooth pulp has many nerve fibers and is a common source of pain. This study examines nerve fibers within normal and painful samples and identifies changes that can contribute to...
There is a lack of evidence of the long-term successful outcomes of antimicrobial endodontic treatment for primary teeth. This study intended to evaluate (by survival analysis) the effecti...
This protocol is for a clinical trial to evaluate the reliability of the bite fork as a diagnostic instrument in subjects with pulpal necrosis and apical periodontitis.
This clinical trial evaluates the role of cytokines in patients needing root canal treatment with diagnosis of necrotic pulp and chronic apical periodontitis
INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the direct pulp capping response to a novel resin-based calcium phosphate cement (RCPC). METHODS: The RCPC was placed in contact with the expose...
Jafarzadeh H, Abbott PV. Review of pulp sensibility tests. Part II: electric pulp tests and test cavities. International Endodontic Journal. Abstract The electric pulp test (EPT) is one type of pulp s...
The Amazonian region from Brazil has a wide variety of native and wild non-commercially cultivated fruits. This paper reports for the first time the composition of carotenoids and phenolic compounds f...
Synthetic octacalcium phosphate (OCP) has been suggested to be a useful biomaterial for the regeneration of hard tissues, including bone. However, it remains unknown whether OCP induces dentine format...
Orhan EO, Maden M, Senguüven B. Odontoblast-like cell numbers and reparative dentine thickness after direct pulp capping with platelet-rich plasma and enamel matrix derivative: a histomorphometric ev...