Advanced eHealth for Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) in Colorado
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is the 4th leading cause of death in the United States, affects 24 million people and is responsible for up to $32 billion annually in direct and indirect health care costs. Based upon these national COPD prevalence data, we estimate that 483,000 Coloradans have COPD (193,000 diagnosed and 290,000 undiagnosed), and that the care of these patients costs up to $490 million annually. Therefore, to alter the impact of COPD on the State and People of Colorado, we propose to introduce a telephone-dependent, internet-supported, self-monitoring "eHealth" management system in both urban and rural Colorado settings in order to decrease healthcare utilization, improve the management of COPD based upon current national guidelines, improve quality of life, reduce health care costs decrease COPD exacerbations. We base this program on a successful clinical pilot study, performed at the University of Colorado Hospital (UCH) during 2004-2005, which demonstrated dramatic improvements in quality of life and decreased health care costs. We propose to enroll patients with advanced COPD, or a history of COPD exacerbations, because these are the patients with the highest healthcare costs, the greatest disability, and the highest mortality. The ultimate goal of this project is to demonstrate the feasibility and efficacy of this proactive management strategy as it is disseminated throughout urban and rural Colorado. In this first phase we will target two Denver Metro sites, UCH and Kaiser-Permanente (KP), and rural sites (to be determined). We chose these urban sites because of their strong interest in enacting the eHealth Program, because of their organized systems of healthcare delivery and because of the numbers of COPD patients that they serve. We are particularly enthusiastic about the application of this technology to rural, underserved areas, because this approach has the potential to dramatically improve delivery of healthcare to a large portion of Colorado that is chronically plagued by inadequate health care networks and lack of specialty care. More broadly, we are enthusiastic about the prospect that eHealth programs may hold the potential to improve healthcare delivery for many chronic illnesses, in addition to COPD.
Allocation: Randomized, Control: Active Control, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment
Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
Integrated Care, Standard Therapy
University of Colorado Hospital
University of Colorado, Denver
Results (where available)
- Source: http://clinicaltrials.gov/show/NCT01044927
- Information obtained from ClinicalTrials.gov on July 15, 2010
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive
A disease of chronic diffuse irreversible airflow obstruction. Subcategories of COPD include CHRONIC BRONCHITIS and PULMONARY EMPHYSEMA.
Pulmonary Heart Disease
Hypertrophy and dilation of the RIGHT VENTRICLE of the heart that is caused by PULMONARY HYPERTENSION. This condition is often associated with pulmonary parenchymal or vascular diseases, such as CHRONIC OBSTRUCTIVE PULMONARY DISEASE and PULMONARY EMBOLISM.
A subcategory of CHRONIC OBSTRUCTIVE PULMONARY DISEASE. The disease is characterized by hypersecretion of mucus accompanied by a chronic (more than 3 months in 2 consecutive years) productive cough. Infectious agents are a major cause of chronic bronchitis.
Sleep Apnea, Central
A condition associated with multiple episodes of sleep apnea which are distinguished from obstructive sleep apnea (SLEEP APNEA, OBSTRUCTIVE) by the complete cessation of efforts to breathe. This disorder is associated with dysfunction of central nervous system centers that regulate respiration. This condition may be idiopathic (primary) or associated with lower brain stem lesions; chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (LUNG DISEASES, OBSTRUCTIVE); HEART FAILURE, CONGESTIVE; medication effect; and other conditions. Sleep maintenance is impaired, resulting in daytime hypersomnolence. Primary central sleep apnea is frequently associated with obstructive sleep apnea. When both forms are present the condition is referred to as mixed sleep apnea (see SLEEP APNEA SYNDROMES). (Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p395; Neurol Clin 1996;14(3):611-28)
Plethysmography, Whole Body
Measurement of the volume of gas in the lungs, including that which is trapped in poorly communicating air spaces. It is of particular use in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and emphysema. (Segen, Dictionary of Modern Medicine, 1992)
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