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Fall risk is increased in people with diabetic peripheral neuropathy (DPN) and yet, minimal research has been conducted to identify appropriate fall risk assessment tools and improve our understanding of falls in these individuals. Purpose: The primary purpose of this study is to establish a foundation of knowledge needed to address falls in people with DPN. This will be accomplished through 1) comparing the validity of 4 fall risk assessment tools, 2) identifying risk factors for falls and 3) determining how quality of life is influenced by factors related to falls in people with DPN.
All subjects participate in testing that involves questionnaires, cognitive testing, fall risk assessment, and other testing related to physical parameters including body mass index, glycosylated hemoglobin, lower extremity nerve conduction study, and ankle range of motion, proprioception and strength. After testing, subjects are interviewed to determine fall status (faller or non-faller). A "faller" is defined as someone that has fallen at least 2 times in the past year. Data Analysis: The validity of the fall risk assessment tools will be compared using sensitivity and specificity analyses. Variables related to ankle function, neuropathy, glycemic control and general activity will be analyzed for association with recent fall history through multivariable logistic regression. Variables related to falls, neuropathy and activity level will be analyzed for association with health-related quality of life through multivariable linear regression.
Observational Model: Cohort, Time Perspective: Cross-Sectional
Diabetic Peripheral Neuropathy
University of Kansas Medical Center
University of Kansas
The purpose of this study is to determine if the use of Neuragen (a natural health product oil rubbed into the skin) is effective at reducing pain and improving the quality of life in peop...
The purpose of this study is to determine whether a new Gabapentin tablet, is safe and effective for the treatment of painful diabetic peripheral neuropathy.
The purpose of this study is to determine the effectiveness and safety of the investigational drug, tanezumab, in adult patients with painful diabetic peripheral neuropathy.
The purpose of this study is to compare the effectiveness of two different dose of IMX-150 to that of placebo (non-active) in the treatment of diabetic peripheral neuropathy pain of the fe...
This study aims to validate magnetic resonance imaging and diffusion tensor imaging (MRI/ DTI) analysis as a non-invasive method for the assessment of myelinated nerve fibers loss in diab...
To examine the proportion of diabetic peripheral neuropathy (DPN) patients receiving pharmacologic DPN treatments and specifically to identify the rates and factors associated with opioid use and firs...
Ficolin-3, a soluble molecule of the innate immune system, has a primary role in the activation of the lectin pathway in the complement system. Considering that inflammatory mechanisms are involved in...
This work determined the sensitivity, specificity, and predictive values of a test evaluating the thermal perception threshold to cold and heat and established a thermal interval with the participant'...
The relationship between cardiovascular disease and diabetic peripheral neuropathy is mainly sustained by data retrieved from cross-sectional studies focused on cardiovascular risk factors. We aimed t...
To investigate the effect of surgical decompression on painful diabetic peripheral neuropathy (DPN) patients and discuss the role which pain distribution and characterization play in the management of...
Peripheral, autonomic, and cranial nerve disorders that are associated with DIABETES MELLITUS. These conditions usually result from diabetic microvascular injury involving small blood vessels that supply nerves (VASA NERVORUM). Relatively common conditions which may be associated with diabetic neuropathy include third nerve palsy (see OCULOMOTOR NERVE DISEASES); MONONEUROPATHY; mononeuropathy multiplex; diabetic amyotrophy; a painful POLYNEUROPATHY; autonomic neuropathy; and thoracoabdominal neuropathy. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p1325)
Common foot problems in persons with DIABETES MELLITUS, caused by any combination of factors such as DIABETIC NEUROPATHIES; PERIPHERAL VASCULAR DISEASES; and INFECTION. With the loss of sensation and poor circulation, injuries and infections often lead to severe foot ulceration, GANGRENE and AMPUTATION.
Nervous system infections caused by tick-borne spirochetes of the BORRELIA BURGDORFERI GROUP. The disease may affect elements of the central or peripheral nervous system in isolation or in combination. Common clinical manifestations include a lymphocytic meningitis, cranial neuropathy (most often a facial neuropathy), POLYRADICULOPATHY, and a mild loss of memory and other cognitive functions. Less often more extensive inflammation involving the central nervous system (encephalomyelitis) may occur. In the peripheral nervous system, B. burgdorferi infection is associated with mononeuritis multiplex and polyradiculoneuritis. (From J Neurol Sci 1998 Jan 8;153(2):182-91)
A diffuse or multifocal peripheral neuropathy related to the remote effects of a neoplasm, most often carcinoma or lymphoma. Pathologically, there are inflammatory changes in peripheral nerves. The most common clinical presentation is a symmetric distal mixed sensorimotor polyneuropathy. (Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p1334)
A group of slowly progressive inherited disorders affecting motor and sensory peripheral nerves. Subtypes include HMSNs I-VII. HMSN I and II both refer to CHARCOT-MARIE-TOOTH DISEASE. HMSN III refers to hypertrophic neuropathy of infancy. HMSN IV refers to REFSUM DISEASE. HMSN V refers to a condition marked by a hereditary motor and sensory neuropathy associated with spastic paraplegia (see SPASTIC PARAPLEGIA, HEREDITARY). HMSN VI refers to HMSN associated with an inherited optic atrophy (OPTIC ATROPHIES, HEREDITARY), and HMSN VII refers to HMSN associated with retinitis pigmentosa. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p1343)
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Diabetes is a lifelong condition that causes a person's blood sugar level to become too high. The two main types of diabetes are: type 1 diabetes type 2 diabetes In the UK, diabetes affects approximately 2.9 million people. There are a...
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Blood is a specialized bodily fluid that delivers necessary substances to the body's cells (in animals) – such as nutrients and oxygen – and transports waste products away from those same cells. In vertebrates, it is composed of blo...