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Perioperative Risk Factors for Postoperative Delirium in Children

11:17 EDT 23rd April 2014 | BioPortfolio

Summary

Despite recent advances in postoperative delirium research, the proportion of children with postoperative delirium is still high. Although postoperative delirium is a frequent complication and is associated with the need for more inpatient hospital care and longer length of hospital stay, little is known about risk factors for recovery room delirium (RRD) occurred in postanaesthesia care unit. The aim of the study was to determine pre- and intraoperative risk factors for the development of RRD among children undergoing non cardiovascular surgery.

Description

Recovery room delirium (RRD) defined as delirium occurred in PACU was diagnosed according to RASS-PAEDS criteria. Pre-, intra-, and postoperative data of patients undergoing elective non cardiovascular surgery were prospectively collected, univariate and multivariate logistic regression were performed to find the risk factors related to postoperative delirium.

Study Design

Observational Model: Cohort, Time Perspective: Prospective

Conditions

Surgery

Location

Department of Anaesthesiology, Tongji Hospital of Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology
Wuhan
Hubei
China
430030

Status

Recruiting

Source

Huazhong University of Science and Technology

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Surgical procedures conducted with the aid of computers. This is most frequently used in orthopedic and laparoscopic surgery for implant placement and instrument guidance. Image-guided surgery interactively combines prior CT scans or MRI images with real-time video.

Surgery which could be postponed or not done at all without danger to the patient. Elective surgery includes procedures to correct non-life-threatening medical problems as well as to alleviate conditions causing psychological stress or other potential risk to patients, e.g., cosmetic or contraceptive surgery.

Endoscopic surgical procedures performed with visualization via video transmission. When real-time video is combined interactively with prior CT scans or MRI images, this is called image-guided surgery (see SURGERY, COMPUTER-ASSISTED).

Procedures that avoid use of open invasive surgery in favor of closed or local surgery. These generally involve use of laparoscopic devices and remote-control manipulation of instruments with indirect observation of the surgical field through an endoscope or similar device. With the reduced trauma associated with minimally invasive surgery, long hospital stays may be reduced with increased rates of short stay or day surgery.

A board-certified specialty of VETERINARY MEDICINE, requiring at least four years of special education, training, and practice of veterinary surgery after graduation from veterinary school. In the written, oral, and practical examinations candidates may choose either large or small animal surgery. (From AVMA Directory, 43d ed, p278)

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