Mannitol Versus Hypertonic Saline to Treat Intracranial Hypertension (ICHT) After Severe Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) : Comparative Effects on PtiO2 and Microdialysis Values
The purpose of this study is to determine whether hypertonic saline is as much effective as mannitol to treat intracranial hypertension after traumatic brain injury and has at least the same effects on PtiO2 and cerebral metabolism studied through microdialysis.
Mannitol is frequently used to treat intracranial hypertension after TBI. However, it can be deleterious, particularly through hyperdiuresis and risks of hypovolemia. It also needs volume compensation and induces logistical problem because of needs of high infused volume to achieve osmolar load and avoid hypotension. Finally, some recent studies tend to prove superiority of hypertonic saline versus mannitol on the prognosis of TBI. especially through modulation of inflammatory reactions mechanisms and apoptosis.
We would like to prove non inferiority of hypertonic saline versus mannitol after TBI to allow its large utilization, especially by field military doctors with specific logistical problems. For that, more than the single Intracranial Pressure, we want to study effects of HS vs mannitol not only on PtiO2 but also on cerebral microdialysis which gives informations on focal metabolism with profiles of ischemia, metabolic crisis, hyperglycolysis (possible reflect of neuronal restoration) and normality.
Allocation: Randomized, Control: Active Control, Endpoint Classification: Bio-equivalence Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Single Blind (Subject), Primary Purpose: Treatment
Traumatic Brain Injury
Hypertonic saline, Mannitol
HIA Sainte Anne
Direction Centrale du Service de Santé des Armées
Results (where available)
- Source: http://clinicaltrials.gov/show/NCT01028339
- Information obtained from ClinicalTrials.gov on July 15, 2010
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
Saline Solution, Hypertonic
Hypertonic sodium chloride solution. A solution having an osmotic pressure greater than that of physiologic salt solution (0.9 g NaCl in 100 ml purified water).
Coma, Post-head Injury
Prolonged unconsciousness from which the individual cannot be aroused, associated with traumatic injuries to the BRAIN. This may be defined as unconsciousness persisting for 6 hours or longer. Coma results from injury to both cerebral hemispheres or the RETICULAR FORMATION of the BRAIN STEM. Contributing mechanisms include DIFFUSE AXONAL INJURY and BRAIN EDEMA. (From J Neurotrauma 1997 Oct;14(10):699-713)
Acute and chronic (see also BRAIN INJURIES, CHRONIC) injuries to the brain, including the cerebral hemispheres, CEREBELLUM, and BRAIN STEM. Clinical manifestations depend on the nature of injury. Diffuse trauma to the brain is frequently associated with DIFFUSE AXONAL INJURY or COMA, POST-TRAUMATIC. Localized injuries may be associated with NEUROBEHAVIORAL MANIFESTATIONS; HEMIPARESIS, or other focal neurologic deficits.
Head Injuries, Closed
Traumatic injuries to the cranium where the integrity of the skull is not compromised and no bone fragments or other objects penetrate the skull and dura mater. This frequently results in mechanical injury being transmitted to intracranial structures which may produce traumatic brain injuries, hemorrhage, or cranial nerve injury. (From Rowland, Merritt's Textbook of Neurology, 9th ed, p417)
Brain Hemorrhage, Traumatic
Bleeding within the brain as a result of penetrating and nonpenetrating CRANIOCEREBRAL TRAUMA. Traumatically induced hemorrhages may occur in any area of the brain, including the CEREBRUM; BRAIN STEM (see BRAIN STEM HEMORRHAGE, TRAUMATIC); and CEREBELLUM.
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