Wound Healing of Incisional Wounds for Bilateral Hernia Repair
The purpose of this research study is to test the safety of an oxygen producing gel (produced by combining baking soda and hydrogen peroxide) and see what effects (good and bad) it has on skin incisions in children.
Baking soda and hydrogen peroxide have been approved by the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA), but have not been approved for use in this manner.
It is hypothesized that a combination of sodium bicarbonate and hydrogen peroxide may enhance wound healing of incisional wounds for bilateral hernia repair.
Wound healing is a complex regeneration process, which is characterized by degradation and re-assembly of connective tissue and epidermal layer. The pH value within the wound-milieu influences indirectly and directly all biochemical reactions taking place in this process of healing. Interestingly, it is so far a neglected parameter for the overall outcome. For more than three decades the common assumption amongst physicians was that a low pH value, such as it is found on normal skin, is favorable for wound healing. However, investigations have shown that in fact some healing processes such as the take-rate of skin-grafts require an alkaline milieu. The matter is thus much more complicated than it was assumed.
One review drew the conclusion that wound pH is potent influential factor for the healing process and that different pH ranges are required for certain distinct phases of wound healing. Further systematic data needs to be collected for a better understanding of the pH requirements under specific circumstances. This is important as it will help to develop new pH targeted therapeutic strategies. Such shifts in the pH can be accomplished through the use of sodium biocarbonate (baking soda)
Another common agent used in wound treatments is hydrogen peroxide. It has been hypothesized that hydrogen peroxide would accelerate reepithelization and/or have a positive effect on infection. However, the results of using hydrogen peroxide alone do not appear to support this hypothesis. (Table 1)
However, one report using a combination of baking soda and hydrogen peroxide on post-surgical wound healing showed a significant increase in wound healing from oral surgery. A randomized, double-blind crossover study involving 25 patients requiring bilateral maxillary gingival flap surgery was completed. The effects of twice daily brushing with a baking soda-hydrogen peroxide dentifrice or a placebo dentifrice were observed over a 28-day post-surgical period. At days 7 and 14, soft tissue appearance/wound healing (STA) was assessed based on color and edema,. Post-surgical wound healing was statistically significantly improved at day 7 with the trend continuing to day 14 when sodium bicarbonate-hydrogen peroxide was used as compared to a control. Such materials were shown to be a possibly effective aid in the early phase of healing following gingival flap surgery. It has been determined that this combination of products may increase oxygen content to the wound sites.
Allocation: Randomized, Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Basic Science
Dermabond, Hydrogen Peroxide Oxygen producing gel
Wake Forest University Health Sciences
Wake Forest University
Results (where available)
- Source: http://clinicaltrials.gov/show/NCT01008111
- Information obtained from ClinicalTrials.gov on July 15, 2010
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
Negative-pressure Wound Therapy
The application of a vacuum across the surface of a wound through a foam dressing cut to fit the wound. This removes wound exudates, reduces build-up of inflammatory mediators, and increases the flow of nutrients to the wound thus promoting healing.
An oxidoreductase that catalyzes the reaction between superoxide anions and hydrogen to yield molecular oxygen and hydrogen peroxide. The enzyme protects the cell against dangerous levels of superoxide. EC 126.96.36.199.
An enzyme of the oxidoreductase class that catalyzes the conversion of beta-D-glucose and oxygen to D-glucono-1,5-lactone and peroxide. It is a flavoprotein, highly specific for beta-D-glucose. The enzyme is produced by Penicillium notatum and other fungi and has antibacterial activity in the presence of glucose and oxygen. It is used to estimate glucose concentration in blood or urine samples through the formation of colored dyes by the hydrogen peroxide produced in the reaction. (From Enzyme Nomenclature, 1992) EC 188.8.131.52.
An oxidoreductase that catalyzes the conversion of HYDROGEN PEROXIDE to water and oxygen. It is present in many animal cells. A deficiency of this enzyme results in ACATALASIA.
An enzyme oxidizing peptidyl-lysyl-peptide in the presence of water & molecular oxygen to yield peptidyl-allysyl-peptide plus ammonia & hydrogen peroxide. EC 184.108.40.206.
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