Efficacy of Prednisone In the Treatment of Ocular Myasthenia
The purpose of this study is to evaluate the efficacy and tolerability of prednisone in patients diagnosed with ocular myasthenia.
The purpose of this study is to learn two things about prednisone in patients with ocular myasthenia. The first thing we aim to learn is whether or not prednisone is effective in improving the symptoms of double vision and drooping eyes that are experienced by patients with ocular myasthenia. The second thing we aim to learn is whether we can find a dose of prednisone that is well tolerated and safe. The overall goal is to find out whether a dose of prednisone that is safe and well tolerated is also effective in improving the symptoms of ocular myasthenia.
After completing screening assessments to confirm eligibility, all participants will receive treatment with pyridostigmine. If a participant's symptoms do not resolve within the first month while being treated with pyridostigmine, they will be randomized to receive prednisone or placebo. The amount of study medication a participant receives will depend on how their symptoms respond to the medication and if they experience any side effects.
After four months, participants that continue to have symptoms of ocular myasthenia and do not have side effects will receive open label high dose prednisone. Participants that no longer have symptoms will taper their dose of study drug in a double-blind fashion.
Allocation: Randomized, Control: Placebo Control, Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor), Primary Purpose: Treatment
Ocular Myasthenia Gravis
Not yet recruiting
Results (where available)
- Source: http://clinicaltrials.gov/show/NCT00995722
- Information obtained from ClinicalTrials.gov on July 15, 2010
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
Myasthenia Gravis, Neonatal
A disorder of neuromuscular transmission that occurs in a minority of newborns born to women with myasthenia gravis. Clinical features are usually present at birth or develop in the first 3 days of life and consist of hypotonia and impaired respiratory, suck, and swallowing abilities. This condition is associated with the passive transfer of acetylcholine receptor antibodies through the placenta. In the majority of infants the myasthenic weakness resolves (i.e., transient neonatal myasthenia gravis) although this disorder may rarely continue beyond the neonatal period (i.e., persistent neonatal myasthenia gravis). (From Menkes, Textbook of Child Neurology, 5th ed, p823; Neurology 1997 Jan;48(1):50-4)
Myasthenia Gravis, Autoimmune, Experimental
Any autoimmune animal disease model used in the study of MYASTHENIA GRAVIS. Injection with purified neuromuscular junction acetylcholine receptor (AChR) (see RECEPTORS, CHOLINERGIC) components results in a myasthenic syndrome that has acute and chronic phases. The motor endplate pathology, loss of acetylcholine receptors, presence of circulating anti-AChR antibodies, and electrophysiologic changes make this condition virtually identical to human myasthenia gravis. Passive transfer of AChR antibodies or lymphocytes from afflicted animals to normals induces passive transfer experimental autoimmune myasthenia gravis. (From Joynt, Clinical Neurology, 1997, Ch 54, p3)
Nervous System Autoimmune Disease, Experimental
Experimental animal models for human AUTOIMMUNE DISEASES OF THE NERVOUS SYSTEM. They include GUILLAIN-BARRE SYNDROME (see NEURITIS, AUTOIMMUNE, EXPERIMENTAL); MYASTHENIA GRAVIS (see MYASTHENIA GRAVIS, AUTOIMMUNE, EXPERIMENTAL); and MULTIPLE SCLEROSIS (see ENCEPHALOMYELITIS, AUTOIMMUNE, EXPERIMENTAL).
A disorder of neuromuscular transmission characterized by weakness of cranial and skeletal muscles. Autoantibodies directed against acetylcholine receptors damage the motor endplate portion of the NEUROMUSCULAR JUNCTION, impairing the transmission of impulses to skeletal muscles. Clinical manifestations may include diplopia, ptosis, and weakness of facial, bulbar, respiratory, and proximal limb muscles. The disease may remain limited to the ocular muscles. THYMOMA is commonly associated with this condition. (Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p1459)
A rapid-onset, short-acting cholinesterase inhibitor used in cardiac arrhythmias and in the diagnosis of myasthenia gravis. It has also been used as an antidote to curare principles.
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