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Research has shown that fat stored within muscles affects the muscle's sensitivity to insulin and ability to handle blood glucose. The purpose of this study is to examine the effects of short-term and long-term caloric restriction on the accumulation and types of fats within skeletal muscle, as well as the effects of such caloric restriction on insulin sensitivity and inflammatory responses in skeletal muscle. The investigator proposes that caloric restriction will result in decreases in diacylglycerols enriched with saturated fat and increases in diacylglycerols enriched with monounsaturated fats.
Allocation: Non-Randomized, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Basic Science
Hypocaloric diet, Adjustable gastric banding
Vanderbilt University Medical Center
Not yet recruiting
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:18:45-0400
The overall aim is to determine the mechanism(s) by which common bariatric surgical procedures alter carbohydrate metabolism. Understanding these mechanisms may ultimately lead to the deve...
- The investigators aim to determine the clinical and metabolic outcomes of two available bariatric restrictive procedures: laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding (LAP-BAND) an...
Safety, effectiveness, and performance of Allergan's EasyBand telemetrically adjustable gastric banding device for the treatment of morbidly obese patients.
Laparoscopic Adjustable Gastric Banding (LAGB) is a gold standard in the surgical treatment of morbid obesity. We hypothesize that the addition of truncal vagotomy (cutting of nerves to t...
The study aims to investigate the long term results of a randomized clinical single-centre trial comparing two standard operative techniques in bariatric surgery; laparoscopic adjustable g...
Not long ago, laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding (LAGB) was considered a safe and effective treatment of morbid obesity; however, long-term outcomes revealed significant complication and failure ...
Weight loss and overall outcomes following laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding (LAGB) are more variable than with other bariatric procedures. Our aim was to investigate the predictive value of cer...
Increase of bile acids (BAs), fibroblast growth factor 19 (FGF19) and glucagon-like peptide 1 (GLP-1) has been implicated in metabolic improvements after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) and vertical s...
As lifestyle and diet patterns have become westernized in East Asia, the prevalence of obesity has rapidly increased. Bariatric surgeries, such as Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB), sleeve gastrectomy (...
An inflatable device implanted in the stomach as an adjunct to therapy of morbid obesity. Specific types include the silicone Garren-Edwards Gastric Bubble (GEGB), approved by the FDA in 1985, and the Ballobes Balloon.
A diet that contains limited amounts of CARBOHYDRATES. This is in distinction to a regular DIET.
Regular course of eating and drinking adopted by a person or animal. This does not include DIET THERAPY, a specific diet prescribed in the treatment of a disease.
Activities related to WEIGHT REDUCTION in patients with OBESITY. Treatment methods include DIET; EXERCISE; BEHAVIOR MODIFICATION; medications; and BARIATRIC SURGERY.
A 36-amino acid pancreatic hormone that is secreted mainly by endocrine cells found at the periphery of the ISLETS OF LANGERHANS and adjacent to cells containing SOMATOSTATIN and GLUCAGON. Pancreatic polypeptide (PP), when administered peripherally, can suppress gastric secretion, gastric emptying, pancreatic enzyme secretion, and appetite. A lack of pancreatic polypeptide (PP) has been associated with OBESITY in rats and mice.
Arthritis Fibromyalgia Gout Lupus Rheumatic Rheumatology is the medical specialty concerned with the diagnosis and management of disease involving joints, tendons, muscles, ligaments and associated structures (Oxford Medical Diction...
Within medicine, nutrition (the study of food and the effect of its components on the body) has many different roles. Appropriate nutrition can help prevent certain diseases, or treat others. In critically ill patients, artificial feeding by tubes need t...