Glucose Homeostasis Pre and Post Bariatric Surgery
The investigators wish to study the effects of two forms of bariatric surgery, gastric bypass and lap banding. The surgery is not part of the clinical trial. If your insurance does not cover the procedure, then you are responsible for payment of the surgical process. We are doing pre and post surgery testing to provide a better understanding of the effect of bariatric surgery-induced weight loss on metabolic function.
Bariatric surgery is the most effective weight loss therapy for obesity. Moreover, the early improvement in insulin sensitivity and the resolution of type 2 diabetes after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) surgery has led to the hypothesis that bypassing the upper gastrointestinal (GI) tract has specific beneficial effects on glucose homeostasis beyond weight loss alone. However, this hypothesis has never been adequately evaluated in human subjects. Therefore, the primary goal of this proposal is to provide a better understanding of the effect of bariatric surgery-induced weight loss on insulin action and pancreatic beta cell function.
Observational Model: Cohort, Time Perspective: Prospective
gastric bypass, gastric banding
Washington University School of Medicine
Washington University School of Medicine
Results (where available)
- Source: http://clinicaltrials.gov/show/NCT00981500
- Information obtained from ClinicalTrials.gov on January 11, 2012
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
Surgical procedure in which the STOMACH is transected high on the body. The resulting small proximal gastric pouch is joined to any parts of the SMALL INTESTINE by an end-to-side SURGICAL ANASTOMOSIS, depending on the amounts of intestinal surface being bypasses. This procedure is used frequently in the treatment of MORBID OBESITY by limiting the size of functional STOMACH, food intake, and food absorption.
An inflatable device implanted in the stomach as an adjunct to therapy of morbid obesity. Specific types include the silicone Garren-Edwards Gastric Bubble (GEGB), approved by the FDA in 1985, and the Ballobes Balloon.
Abnormal distention of the STOMACH due to accumulation of gastric contents that may reach 10 to 15 liters. Gastric dilatation may be the result of GASTRIC OUTLET OBSTRUCTION; ILEUS; GASTROPARESIS; or denervation.
A procedure consisting of the SURGICAL ANASTOMOSIS of the proximal part of the JEJUNUM to the distal portion of the ILEUM, so as to bypass the nutrient-absorptive segment of the SMALL INTESTINE. Due to the severe malnutrition and life-threatening metabolic complications, this method is no longer used to treat MORBID OBESITY.
The condition of weighing two, three, or more times the ideal weight, so called because it is associated with many serious and life-threatening disorders. In the BODY MASS INDEX, morbid obesity is defined as having a BMI greater than 40.0 kg/m2.
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