Study on the Psychotherapeutic Treatment for the Feeling of Being Contaminated After Childhood Sexual Abuse
The purpose of this study is to determine whether a short term programme with internet research on the frequency of skin exchange and guided imagery modification is effective in the treatment of the feeling of being contaminated in female victims of childhood sexual abuse (CSA).
In the first session the women who suffer from a feeling of being contaminated after childhood sexual abuse are interviewed with the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV (SCID) to ensure the clinical diagnosis of posttraumatic stress disorder and exclude women who meet the exclusion criteria. They get questionnaires and protocol sheets to fill out until the intervention session after a week. Afterwards the women are randomly assigned to an intervention group or an active control group. During the intervention session the women in the intervention group research via internet how many times their skin cells in different regions of their body have exchanged since the sexual abuse to get the information that their skin has changed hundreds and hundreds of times and has nothing in common with their skin in childhood or adolescence. This first part of the intervention is based on a component of the DBT-PTSD. Afterwards the therapist guides an imagery modification. The women imagine the feeling of being contaminated and then to peel off their former contaminated skin and the maturing of hundreds of new clean skin cells to process the rational information of the internet research emotionally. In the control group the women also imagine the feeling of being contaminated. Afterwards they are interviewed on the consequences of the feeling of being contaminated in their everyday life. At the end of the intervention session women in the intervention group get a tape with the guided imagery instruction and commit to listen to the tape daily to exercise the guided imagery modification until the third session after a week. The women in the control group are instructed to write an essay on the consequences of the feeling of being contaminated in their everyday life. In both groups the women should again answer questionnaires and fill out protocol sheets. In the last session the homework is discussed and information on posttraumatic stress disorder and psychotherapeutic treatments of posttraumatic stress disorder is offered.
Allocation: Randomized, Control: Active Control, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Single Blind (Subject), Primary Purpose: Treatment
Information on skin exchange and guided imagery modification, Exploration
Department of Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy of the Johann Wolfgang Goethe University
Results (where available)
- Source: http://clinicaltrials.gov/show/NCT00976859
- Information obtained from ClinicalTrials.gov on July 15, 2010
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
The use of mental images produced by the imagination as a form of psychotherapy. It can be classified by the modality of its content: visual, verbal, auditory, olfactory, tactile, gustatory, or kinesthetic. Common themes derive from nature imagery (e.g., forests and mountains), water imagery (e.g., brooks and oceans), travel imagery, etc. Imagery is used in the treatment of mental disorders and in helping patients cope with other diseases. Imagery often forms a part of HYPNOSIS, of AUTOGENIC TRAINING, of RELAXATION TECHNIQUES, and of BEHAVIOR THERAPY. (From Encyclopedia of Human Behavior, vol. 4, pp29-30, 1994)
A form of discrimination in the workplace which violates the Civil Rights Act of 1964. Sexual harassment takes two forms: quid pro quo, where the employee must submit to sexual advances in exchange for job benefits or be penalized for refusing; or a hostile environment, where the atmosphere of the workplace is offensive and affects the employee's well-being. Offensive sexual conduct may include unwelcome advances, comments, touching, questions about marital status and sex practices, etc. Both men and women may be aggressors or victims. (Slee and Slee, Health Care Terms, 2d ed, p.404). While civil rights legislation deals with sexual harassment in the workplace, the behavior is not restricted to this; it may take place outside the work environment: in schools and colleges, athletics, and other social milieus and activities.
Nursing Methodology Research
Research carried out by nurses concerning techniques and methods to implement projects and to document information, including methods of interviewing patients, collecting data, and forming inferences. The concept includes exploration of methodological issues such as human subjectivity and human experience.
A parasexual process in BACTERIA; ALGAE; FUNGI; and ciliate EUKARYOTA for achieving exchange of chromosome material during fusion of two cells. In bacteria, this is a uni-directional transfer of genetic material; in protozoa it is a bi-directional exchange. In algae and fungi, it is a form of sexual reproduction, with the union of male and female gametes.
Ion Exchange Resins
High molecular weight, insoluble polymers which contain functional groups that are capable of undergoing exchange reactions (ION EXCHANGE) with either cations or anions.
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