Glucose Metabolic, Amyloid, and Tau Brain Imaging in Down Syndrome and Dementia
The purpose of this study is to develop small molecule radio-labeled probes of beta-amyloid, to be used with positron emission tomography (PET) for early detection and treatment monitoring of Alzheimer disease (AD). The study hypothesis is that PET imaging of small molecule probes, in the form of novel fluorescent dyes with radioactive labels, will demonstrate cerebral patterns in patients with AD that are distinct from those of age-matched persons who are cognitively intact.
This is a naturalistic study in which clinical evaluations and brain scans will be performed on 72 people with Down syndrome (DS), 36 non-demented and 36 with dementia, as well as 36 age-matched healthy controls. Participants will receive comprehensive clinical and neuropsychological assessments. PET and MRI scans will be performed at baseline and after two years of follow up. All participants will have blood drawn for APOE genotyping during their baseline evaluations. The intellectual range of participants with DS will be restricted to IQ scores of 45 to 60 (moderate range) to reduce variability, particularly due to extreme low levels of intellectual ability.
Observational Model: Case Control, Time Perspective: Retrospective
National Institute on Aging (NIA)
Results (where available)
- Source: http://clinicaltrials.gov/show/NCT00966017
- Information obtained from ClinicalTrials.gov on July 15, 2010
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
22q11 Deletion Syndrome
Condition with a variable constellation of phenotypes due to deletion polymorphisms at chromosome location 22q11. It encompasses several syndromes with overlapping abnormalities including the DIGEORGE SYNDROME, VELOCARDIOFACIAL SYNDROME, and CONOTRUNCAL AMOMALY FACE SYNDROME. In addition, variable developmental problems and schizoid features are also associated with this syndrome. (From BMC Med Genet. 2009 Feb 25;10:16) Not all deletions at 22q11 result in the 22q11deletion syndrome.
Rare congenital disorder with multiple anomalies including: characteristic dysmorphic craniofacial features, musculoskeletal abnormalities, neurocognitive delay, and high prevalence of cancer. Germline mutations in H-Ras protein can cause Costello syndrome. Costello syndrome shows early phenotypic overlap with other disorders that involve MAP KINASE SIGNALING SYSTEM (e.g., NOONAN SYNDROME and cardiofaciocutaneous syndrome).
An autosomal dominant aneurysm with multisystem abnormalities caused by increased TGF-BETA signaling due to mutations in type I or II of TGF-BETA RECEPTOR. Additional craniofacial features include CLEFT PALATE; CRANIOSYNOSTOSIS; HYPERTELORISM; or bifid uvula. Phenotypes closely resemble MARFAN SYNDROME; Marfanoid craniosynostosis syndrome (Shprintzen-Goldberg syndrome); and EHLERS-DANLOS SYNDROME.
A syndrome of DYSPHAGIA with IRON-DEFICIENCY ANEMIA that is due to congenital anomalies in the ESOPHAGUS (such as cervical esophageal webs). It is known as Patterson-Kelly syndrome in the United Kingdom.
Prune Belly Syndrome
A syndrome characterized by abdominal wall musculature deficiency, cryptorchism, and urinary tract abnormalities. The syndrome derives its name from its characteristic distended abdomen with wrinkled skin.
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