Study to Evaluate the Effects of Panitumumab if Combined With Chemotherapy for 2nd Treatment of Colorectal Cancer
The purpose of this interventional study is to investigate whether there is evidence that panitumumab in combination with XELOX (capecitabine plus oxaliplatin) chemotherapy will safely increase progression-free survival, above that of XELOX alone in subjects with KRAS wild-type metastatic colorectal cancer who have not responded to or progressed after first line therapy with irinotecan and a fluoropyrimidine.
Further Objectives Exploratory objectives may include investigation of potential correlations between the treatment regimen and epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) expression, detection of the functional genetic polymorphisms of the EGFR gene, EGFR gene amplification (FISH), EGFR downstream protein and gene expression parameters, proteomics and epigenetics.
Subjects with metastatic colorectal cancer with KRAS-wildtype will be randomized in a 1:1 ratio to receive a 2nd line treatment regimen of panitumumab plus oxaliplatin and capecitabine (XELOX) or XELOX alone. Before randomization tumour of all subjects will be analyzed to detect the KRAS mutational status. Subjects will only be randomized into these two arms if the tumour shows KRAS wild-type. Subjects with KRAS mutant colorectal tumours will receive XELOX alone. Subjects will receive treatment cycles every three weeks. Treatment will continue until subjects are diagnosed with disease progression or intolerable toxicity, at which time the subjects will be withdrawn from the treatment phase. If a subject withdraws from chemotherapy due to toxicity the subjects will be allowed to continue with panitumumab monotherapy with or without one of the chemotherapy components until disease progression. After withdrawing panitumumab and XELOX treatment, all subjects will end the treatment phase and will enter a follow-up phase until 6 months after the last patient stopped treatment (with a safety follow-up visit after 56 days ± 3 days and long term follow-up visits every 12 weeks). During the treatment phase subjects will be evaluated for tumour response every 9 weeks (± one week) through to week 45, and every 12 weeks (± two weeks) thereafter, until disease progression. Subjects with symptoms suggestive of disease progression should be evaluated for tumour response at the time symptoms occur.
Allocation: Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment
Oxaliplatin, Capecitabine, Panitumumab, Oxaliplatin, Capecitabine
Not yet recruiting
Results (where available)
- Source: http://clinicaltrials.gov/show/NCT00950820
- Information obtained from ClinicalTrials.gov on July 15, 2010
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
Tumors or cancer of the COLON or the RECTUM or both. Risk factors for colorectal cancer include chronic ULCERATIVE COLITIS; FAMILIAL POLYPOSIS COLI; exposure to ASBESTOS; and irradiation of the CERVIX UTERI.
Colorectal Neoplasms, Hereditary Nonpolyposis
A group of autosomal-dominant inherited diseases in which COLON CANCER arises in discrete adenomas. Unlike FAMILIAL POLYPOSIS COLI with hundreds of polyps, hereditary nonpolyposis colorectal neoplasms occur much later, in the fourth and fifth decades. HNPCC has been associated with germline mutations in mismatch repair (MMR) genes. It has been subdivided into Lynch syndrome I or site-specific colonic cancer, and LYNCH SYNDROME II which includes extracolonic cancer.
Lynch Syndrome Ii
Hereditary nonpolyposis colorectal neoplasms associated with other malignancies, more commonly of ovarian or uterine origin. When also associated with SEBACEOUS GLAND NEOPLASMS, it is called MUIR-TORRE SYNDROME.
A form of LYNCH SYNDROME II associated with cutaneous SEBACEOUS GLAND NEOPLASMS. Muir-Torre syndrome is also associated with other visceral malignant diseases include colorectal, endometrial, urological, and upper gastrointestinal neoplasms.
Aberrant Crypt Foci
Clusters of colonic crypts that appear different from the surrounding mucosa when visualized after staining. They are of interest as putative precursors to colorectal adenomas and potential biomarkers for colorectal carcinoma.
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