Pharmacokinetic Evaluation of an Intensified and Decreasing Dosing Regimen of Mycophenolate Sodium in Combination With Tacrolimus Post Kidney Transplant: The Myfortic Study
Mycophenolate acid (MPA) has been developed and approved in combination with cyclosporine and has been used in kidney transplantation for more than a decade. At present, combination of tacrolimus and mycophenolate acid tends to be considered as the standard of care for maintenance immunosuppression in kidney transplantation. Mainly due to a different effect on the entero-hepatic recycling pathway, cyclosporine and tacrolimus differently interfere with MPA clearance. When used with tacrolimus, MPA dosage has thus to be adjusted and cannot be extrapolated from what is recommended for a cyclosporine-based treatment. However, there is currently no clear guideline for MPA dosing when this drug is used in combination with tacrolimus. This is potentially detrimental for patients since under-or overexposure of MPA has been clinically linked to the outcome of transplantation.
The purpose of this study is to pharmacologically validate an original MPA dosing regimen in combination with tacrolimus within the three months post-kidney transplant. This regimen consists in an intensified dosing of mycophenolate sodium during the earliest period of transplantation in order to rapidly reach the appropriate MPA blood exposure followed by a gradual decrease in dose in order to prevent MPA overexposure.
Endpoint Classification: Pharmacokinetics Study, Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment
Departement of Nephrology CHU Saint-Etienne
Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Saint Etienne
Results (where available)
- Source: http://clinicaltrials.gov/show/NCT00941824
- Information obtained from ClinicalTrials.gov on July 15, 2010
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
Kidney Failure, Chronic
The end-stage of CHRONIC RENAL INSUFFICIENCY. It is characterized by the severe irreversible kidney damage (as measured by the level of PROTEINURIA) and the reduction in GLOMERULAR FILTRATION RATE to less than 15 ml per min (Kidney Foundation: Kidney Disease Outcome Quality Initiative, 2002). These patients generally require HEMODIALYSIS or KIDNEY TRANSPLANTATION.
The transference of a kidney from one human or animal to another.
Delayed Graft Function
General dysfunction of an organ occurring immediately following its transplantation. The term most frequently refers to renal dysfunction following KIDNEY TRANSPLANTATION.
Preparative treatment of transplant recipient with various conditioning regimens including radiation, immune sera, chemotherapy, and/or immunosuppressive agents, prior to transplantation. Transplantation conditioning is very common before bone marrow transplantation.
Kidney Papillary Necrosis
A complication of kidney diseases characterized by cell death involving KIDNEY PAPILLA in the KIDNEY MEDULLA. Damages to this area may hinder the kidney to concentrate urine resulting in POLYURIA. Sloughed off necrotic tissue may block KIDNEY PELVIS or URETER. Necrosis of multiple renal papillae can lead to KIDNEY FAILURE.
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