Comparison of Mechanical Bowel Preparation Versus Enema for Patient Candidates to Colorectal Resection for Adenocarcinoma
The purpose of this study is to evaluate mechanical bowel preparation (MBP) with polyethylene glycol plus bowel enema versus bowel enema alone in patients candidates to colorectal resection for malignancy.
Surgical site infections (SSI) in colorectal surgery (anastomotic leakage, wound infection, intraabdominal abscess) are associated with increased mortality, postoperative hospital stay and costs. From a recent metanalysis and randomized clinical trial there is the emerging evidence that mechanical bowel preparation (MBP) before elective colorectal surgery is not associated with reduction of SIS, although it causes high discomfort for patients. On the same way other more recent studies show that MBP may cause an higher incidence of SIS, and that MBP may alter the bowel mucosa morphology. Other Authors report an increased incidence of anastomotic leakage requiring surgery for patients undergoing a single preoperative phosphate enema whereas but an higher cardiovascular mortality for patients undergoing MBP. Two recent studies do not clarify the usefulness of MBP for reducing SIS after colorectal surgery and one stage anastomosis. For these reasons a more precise understanding of the relationship between MBP and SIS could increase patients satisfaction and decrease unnecessary procedures and costs. At this point MBP represent the clinical standard for patients undergoing elective colorectal surgery at the European Institute of Oncology.
Allocation: Randomized, Control: Active Control, Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment
mechanical bowel preparation, enema
European Institute of Oncology
European Institute of Oncology
Results (where available)
- Source: http://clinicaltrials.gov/show/NCT00940030
- Information obtained from ClinicalTrials.gov on July 15, 2010
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
Tumors or cancer of the COLON or the RECTUM or both. Risk factors for colorectal cancer include chronic ULCERATIVE COLITIS; FAMILIAL POLYPOSIS COLI; exposure to ASBESTOS; and irradiation of the CERVIX UTERI.
Tumor suppressor genes located in the 5q21 region on the long arm of human chromosome 5. The mutation of these genes is associated with the formation of colorectal cancer (MCC stands for mutated in colorectal cancer).
Tumor suppressor genes located in the 18q21-qter region of human chromosome 18. The absence of these genes is associated with the formation of colorectal cancer (DCC stands for deleted in colorectal cancer). The products of these genes show significant homology to neural cell adhesion molecules and other related cell surface glycoproteins.
Colorectal Neoplasms, Hereditary Nonpolyposis
A group of autosomal-dominant inherited diseases in which COLON CANCER arises in discrete adenomas. Unlike FAMILIAL POLYPOSIS COLI with hundreds of polyps, hereditary nonpolyposis colorectal neoplasms occur much later, in the fourth and fifth decades. HNPCC has been associated with germline mutations in mismatch repair (MMR) genes. It has been subdivided into Lynch syndrome I or site-specific colonic cancer, and LYNCH SYNDROME II which includes extracolonic cancer.
Tumor Suppressor Protein P53
Nuclear phosphoprotein encoded by the p53 gene (GENES, P53) whose normal function is to control CELL PROLIFERATION and APOPTOSIS. A mutant or absent p53 protein has been found in LEUKEMIA; OSTEOSARCOMA; LUNG CANCER; and COLORECTAL CANCER.
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