Functional Imaging of Tumor and Normal Tissue
Dynamic contrast-enhanced (DCE) - magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), diffusion-weighted (DW)-MRI, and fludeoxyglucose - positron emission tomography - computed tomography (FDG-PET-CT) are three modalities that generate non-invasive, functional images of tumors and normal tissues based on physiologic properties including perfusion, vascular permeability and glucose metabolism. Demonstrating that these parameters are associated with clinical outcome, either efficacy or toxicity, could enhance the ability to select patients for different treatment strategies and improve the therapeutic ratio.
Patients will undergo functional imaging studies, DCE-MRI pre-treatment (twice) and after 1 week of Radiation Therapy (RT) and PET scans - pre-treatment and after 1 week of RT. Parotid gland saliva production will also be measured at baseline and at 3, 6, and 12 months of follow-up.
Observational Model: Case-Only, Time Perspective: Prospective
MRI and PET imaging
Duke University Medical Center, Department of Radiation Oncology
Results (where available)
- Source: http://clinicaltrials.gov/show/NCT00933114
- Information obtained from ClinicalTrials.gov on July 15, 2010
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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
Soft tissue tumors or cancer arising from the mucosal surfaces of the LIP; oral cavity; PHARYNX; LARYNX; and cervical esophagus. Other sites included are the NOSE and PARANASAL SINUSES; SALIVARY GLANDS; THYROID GLAND and PARATHYROID GLANDS; and MELANOMA and non-melanoma skin cancers of the head and neck. (from Holland et al., Cancer Medicine, 4th ed, p1651)
Dissection in the neck to remove all disease tissues including cervical LYMPH NODES and to leave an adequate margin of normal tissue. This type of surgery is usually used in tumors or cervical metastases in the head and neck. The prototype of neck dissection is the radical neck dissection described by Crile in 1906.
A form of RHABDOMYOSARCOMA arising primarily in the head and neck, especially the orbit, of children below the age of 10. The cells are smaller than those of other rhabdomyosarcomas and are of two basic cell types: spindle cells and round cells. This cancer is highly sensitive to chemotherapy and has a high cure rate with multi-modality therapy. (From Holland et al., Cancer Medicine, 3d ed, p2188)
The use of molecularly targeted imaging probes to localize and/or monitor biochemical and cellular processes via various imaging modalities that include RADIONUCLIDE IMAGING; ULTRASONOGRAPHY; MAGNETIC RESONANCE IMAGING; fluorescence imaging; and MICROSCOPY.
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