A Trial of Closed Hemorrhoidectomy Under Local Perianal Block Versus Spinal Anesthesia
Hemorrhoidectomy can be carried out under several modes of anesthesia. In western country hemorrhoidectomy usually be performed under general anesthesia, however there may be the complications resulted from general anesthesia together with associated diseases in advanced age, caudal or spinal anesthesia has been used as an alternative to general anesthesia (GA) for hemorrhoid surgery but they all require a trained anesthetist and have numerous known complications. Since, anesthesiologists are not always available then local anesthesia is an alternative mode of anesthesia that surgeon can safely carry out by their own. Local anesthetic produce a loss of sensation and muscle paralysis in a circumscribed area of body by localized effect on peripheral nerve endings. The local anesthesia is able to provide fully relaxation of the anal canal which is an ideal setting for various anal surgical procedures. The results of hemorrhoid surgery under this mode of anesthesia have been demonstrated in many publications. Local anesthesia is a safe and effective technique while fewer risks and complications compared with general or spinal anesthesia. In Thailand both spinal anesthesia and local perianal block have routinely been used for various kinds of anorectal surgery. However, so far there has no any trial conducting to compare between these two techniques.
Objectives: To study analgesic efficacy, postoperative voiding problems, patients' satisfaction, and other complications after closed hemorrhoidectomy comparison between local perianal block and spinal anesthesia.
Research design: Randomized controlled trial Setting: Phramongkutklao Hospital Research methodology: A total of 64 subjects (32 males and 32 females) underwent elective hemorrhoidectomy were randomly allocated into two groups. Thirty-two patients were randomly allocated to receive spinal anesthesia (SA group) while 32 patients received local perianal block (LA group). Duration of analgesic effect, pain measurement with visual analogue scale (VAS) at 6 and 24 hours, quantity of analgesic medication administered, postoperative complication, and patient's satisfaction with the anesthetic technique were recorded.
Allocation: Randomized, Control: Dose Comparison, Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Single Blind (Outcomes Assessor), Primary Purpose: Treatment
spinal block, Perianal block
Phramongkutklao College of Medicine and Hospital
Results (where available)
- Source: http://clinicaltrials.gov/show/NCT00925912
- Information obtained from ClinicalTrials.gov on July 15, 2010
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
Autonomic Nerve Block
Interruption of sympathetic pathways, by local injection of an anesthetic agent, at any of four levels: peripheral nerve block, sympathetic ganglion block, extradural block, and subarachnoid block.
Impaired conduction of cardiac impulse that can occur anywhere along the conduction pathway, such as between the SINOATRIAL NODE and the right atrium (SA block) or between atria and ventricles (AV block). Heart blocks can be classified by the duration, frequency, or completeness of conduction block. Reversibility depends on the degree of structural or functional defects.
A local anesthetic of the ester type that has a slow onset and a short duration of action. It is mainly used for infiltration anesthesia, peripheral nerve block, and spinal block. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p1016).
A nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory agent with potent analgesic and antiarthritic properties. It has been shown to be effective in the treatment of OSTEOARTHRITIS; RHEUMATOID ARTHRITIS; ankylosing SPONDYLITIS; and in the alleviation of postoperative pain (PAIN, POSTOPERATIVE).
A form of heart block in which the electrical stimulation of HEART VENTRICLES is interrupted at either one of the branches of BUNDLE OF HIS thus preventing the simultaneous depolarization of the two ventricles.
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