Diagnosis of Primary Aldosteronism: Comparison of Post Captopril Active Renin Concentration and Plasma Renin Activity
Background: The most common pharmacologic test for diagnosis of primary aldosteronism (PA) is administration of captopril to examine whether abnormal aldosterone to plasma rennin activity (PRA)(ARR) persists, although active rennin concentration (ARC) in contrast to PRA may offers advantages with regard to processing and standardization.
Objective: To assess whether post captopril ARC offer any additional advantage in screening primary aldosteronism (PA) than PRA and establish thresholds for the diagnosis using ARC.
Primary aldosteronism (PA), characterized by an inappropriate production of aldosterone, affects 5-13% of patients with hypertension(1, 2). The use of aldosterone-renin ratio (ARR) as screening test contributes to the increased diagnostic rate of this disease(2), but it is not standardized among laboratories. As the incidence of PA has increased since ARR has been used as a screening test (3, 4), the difficulty in establishing a diagnosis of PA may be encountered because of atypical manifestations. Administration of captopril to differentiate the normal renin-angiotensin- aldosterone axis from autonomous secretion of aldosterone has been proved to be a safe and effective test in confirmation of the diagnosis (5-8). Several studies have demonstrated that the ARR after a single dose of captopril is diagnostic (5-8) and as sensitive as the saline loading test for the identification of aldosterone- producing adenoma (APA)(8).
Active rennin concentration (ARC) is considerably easier to perform; being a single immunoradiometric assay as opposed to the initial generation of angiotensin I generated from angiotensinogen followed by radioimmunoassay of PRA(9). It was demonstrated as a reliable and convenient screening tool for ambulatory conditions, independent of body posture (10). Decreased angiotensinogen level is noted in pathological status ( e.g. liver cirrhosis, sever cardiac failure) (11, 12) that results in dissociate of PRA measurement. PAC when used in conjunction with aldosterone to produce an ARRARC , has been reported to classify aldosteronism correctly(13). Although PRA is highly sensitive, the measurement is time-consuming and measured values can vary considerably between laboratories(14). In aldosteronism with suppressed renin, the ratio of ARR is clearly dependent on the variants lower detection limit(15). Though determination of ARC in contrast to PRA offers advantage with regard to processing and standardization, knowing the postcaptopril sensitivity and specificity as well as the optimum cut off value of ARC is paramount (16) help to the diagnosis PA (15, 17, 18) and might serve better performance than ARRPRA.
Observational Model: Case Control, Time Perspective: Prospective
National Taiwan University Hospital
National Taiwan University Hospital
Results (where available)
- Source: http://clinicaltrials.gov/show/NCT00917345
- Information obtained from ClinicalTrials.gov on July 15, 2010
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
A potent and specific inhibitor of PEPTIDYL-DIPEPTIDASE A. It blocks the conversion of ANGIOTENSIN I to ANGIOTENSIN II, a vasoconstrictor and important regulator of arterial blood pressure. Captopril acts to suppress the RENIN-ANGIOTENSIN SYSTEM and inhibits pressure responses to exogenous angiotensin.
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Speech Reception Threshold Test
A test to determine the lowest sound intensity level at which fifty percent or more of the spondaic test words (words of two syllables having equal stress) are repeated correctly.
Speech Articulation Tests
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Serum Bactericidal Test
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