Track topics on Twitter Track topics that are important to you
Concurrent chemoradiation (CCRT) is the standard therapy for locally advanced cervical cancer.
However, the most effective chemotherapy regimen is controversial. Weekly cisplatin, hydroxyurea + cisplatin, 5-FU + cisplatin are tested in clinical trials.
Weekly cisplatin needs frequent hospital visits and had a poor compliance profile in korea.
Combination chemotherapy regimens had more adverse effects than weekly cisplatin without improving outcomes.
We conducted a retrospective analysis comparing weekly cisplatin with cisplatin every 3 weeks and observed favorable outcome for cisplatin every 3 weeks regimen (still not published).
Therefore, we designed a phase 2 trial evaluating the efficacy and feasibility of CCRT with cisplatin every 3 weeks.
Cervical carcinoma is one of the most common gynecologic cancers worldwide. The prognosis of cervical cancer is favorable, with an approximately 80-90% 5-year survival rate in early-stage disease. However, advanced disease carries a poor prognosis.
Current standard treatment for locally advanced cervical cancer, which is not eligible for surgical treatment, is cisplatin-based concurrent chemoradiation. On the basis of the results of five randomized clinical trials, which consistently showed improved survival in patients treated with cisplatin-based chemoradiation, the U.S. National Cancer Institute (NCI) announced in 1992 that "Strong consideration should be given to the incorporation of concurrent cisplatin-based chemotherapy with radiotherapy in women who require radiotherapy for treatment of cervical cancer".
Although recently reported meta-analyses also demonstrated improved local control rates and survival with cisplatin-based chemotherapy concurrent with radiation, the optimal cisplatin dose and dosing schedule are still undetermined.
Among the previous five randomized clinical trials, two trials performed by the Gynecologic Oncology Group (GOG) used weekly cisplatin 40 mg/m2 while the other three trials used tri-weekly cisplatin at a dosage range of 50 mg/m2 to 75 mg/m2 combined with 5-fluorouracil (5-FU). Despite the diversity in cisplatin dose and dosing schedules, weekly cisplatin at a dose of 40 mg/m2 concurrent to RT is widely accepted as the standard regimen of CRT because of its convenience, equal effectiveness, and favorable toxicity in comparison to other 5-FU combined regimens.
However weekly cisplatin regimen needs frequent hospital visits and had a poor compliance profile in korea. With weekly cisplatin regimen, planned treatment was not completed in 58% patients adn treatment delayed in 29% patient. among these patients, 9% patients were not related associated toxicities.
To overcome toxicities and poor compliance of weekly regimen, the investigators tried to evaluate the efficacy and feasibility of CCRT with cisplatin 75mg/m2 every 3 weeks.
Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment
CONCURRENT CHEMORADIATION (CISPLATIN)
Korea Cancer Center Hospital, Korea Institute of Radiological & Medical Sciences
Korea, Republic of
Korea Cancer Center Hospital
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:21:38-0400
The standard postoperative treatment for patients with cervical cancer who had high-risk factors is chemoradiation. Generally, weekly cisplatin or 5FU+cisplatin every 3 week have been used...
Three weekly cisplatin based chemoradiation is to be compared the compliance, toxicity, and response rates with the weekly cisplatin based chemoradiation in the treatment of locoregionally...
The purpose of this study is to compare standard treatment and fusion ontogenetic surgery (total mesometrial resection, laterally extended endopelvic resection, peritoneal mesometrial rese...
The current standard for locally advanced cervical cancer is concurrent cisplatin-based chemotherapy, however, the treatment results need to be improved. Epigenetic aberrations play an imp...
This phase III study is designed to examine if low-risk, as defined by clinical and radiological parameters, stage IB-IIB cervical cancer patients treated by cisplatin-based chemoradiation...
The aim of this study was to evaluate toxicity, compliance, recurrence and the survival of weekly and triweekly cisplatin-based concomitant chemoradiation in treatment of cervical cancer.
In 2003, our institution adopted triweekly carboplatin (tCb) area under the curve (AUC) 5 as an alternative to high-dose cisplatin (100 mg/m) for select patients receiving definitive concurrent chemor...
To compare chemoradiation with cisplatin alone or cisplatin plus 5-FU for locally advanced squamous cell carcinoma of the head-and-neck (SCCHN).
The aim of this study was to investigate the efficacy and safety of S-1 plus cisplatin combined with concurrent radiotherapy (SCCCR) versus cisplatin alone combined with concurrent radiotherapy (CCCR)...
Weekly administration of cisplatin (cis-diamminedichloroplatinum [CDDP]) appears more feasible and substantially more popular than the 3 weekly schedules due to better compliance. Different concurrent...
An inorganic and water-soluble platinum complex. After undergoing hydrolysis, it reacts with DNA to produce both intra and interstrand crosslinks. These crosslinks appear to impair replication and transcription of DNA. The cytotoxicity of cisplatin correlates with cellular arrest in the G2 phase of the cell cycle.
A network of nerve fibers originating in the upper four cervical spinal cord segments. The cervical plexus distributes cutaneous nerves to parts of the neck, shoulders, and back of the head, and motor fibers to muscles of the cervical spinal column, infrahyoid muscles, and the diaphragm.
A parameter usually used in PRENATAL ULTRASONOGRAPHY to measure the length of the uterine neck (CERVIX UTERI). Cervical length or its shortening is used to identify and prevent early cervical opening and PRETERM BIRTH.
A collective term for precoordinated organ/neoplasm headings locating neoplasms by organ, as BRAIN NEOPLASMS; DUODENAL NEOPLASMS; LIVER NEOPLASMS; etc.
Tumors or cancer of the UTERINE CERVIX.
Bladder Cancer Brain Cancer Breast Cancer Cancer Cervical Cancer Colorectal Head & Neck Cancers Hodgkin Lymphoma Leukemia Lung Cancer Melanoma Myeloma Ovarian Cancer Pancreatic Cancer ...
Cervical cancer is a malignant neoplasm of the cervix uteri or cervical area. Symptoms include vaginal bleeding, but may not present until later stages of the cancer. Cervical cancer can be treated using surgery (including local excision) in early stages...