Analyzing Composition and Lubrication Properties of Synovial Fluid
To analyze the relationship between composition of synovial fluid and its lubrication properties
Patients suffering from serious arthritis may receive the artificial joint replacement surgery. Comparing to the articulation of articular cartilage, the artificial joint undergo a boundary lubrication in which a thin layer of synovial fluid molecules is formed between the artificial joint materials. Therefore a larger wear rate is observed in the artificial joint system. Researchers have devoted themselves to modifying the artificial joint materials in order to reduce the wear phenomena. We first propose that modification the lubrication by adding effective lubricating molecules may help to reduce the wear of artificial joint. However, there still lacks fundamentally understanding of the artificial joint lubrication mechanism under synovial fluid. Hence, we plan to investigate the boundary lubrication mechanism of synovial molecules, such as albumin, globulin, hyaluronic acid, and lipid in the first year. We would like to obtain the adsorption behaviors of the single molecules as well as multiple molecules on the surfaces of artificial joint materials by experiments. Molecular dynamics simulation will also be performed to gain the knowledge of adsorption energy and possible conformation change of the molecules. In the second year, the tribological heat and mechanical effects on the synovial molecules will be studied. The analysis platform will be established to perform the composition and properties measurement of the synovial molecules. In the third year, we will further discuss the effect of the synovial molecules transformation on the surrounding cells and tissues. Their influences on the tribological and biochemical behaviors will be investigated.
Observational Model: Case Control, Time Perspective: Prospective
Synovial fluid composition and lubrication analysis
Far Eastern Memorial Hospital
Far Eastern Memorial Hospital
Results (where available)
- Source: http://clinicaltrials.gov/show/NCT00912106
- Information obtained from ClinicalTrials.gov on July 15, 2010
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
Non-neoplastic tumor-like lesions at joints, developed from the SYNOVIAL MEMBRANE of a joint through the JOINT CAPSULE into the periarticular tissues. They are filled with SYNOVIAL FLUID with a smooth and translucent appearance. A synovial cyst can develop from any joint, but most commonly at the back of the knee, where it is known as POPLITEAL CYST.
The clear, viscous fluid secreted by the SYNOVIAL MEMBRANE. It contains mucin, albumin, fat, and mineral salts and serves to lubricate joints.
A SYNOVIAL CYST located in the back of the knee, in the popliteal space arising from the semimembranous bursa or the knee joint.
A therapeutic treatment typically involving INTRA-ARTICULAR INJECTIONS of HYALURONIC ACID and related compounds. The procedure is commonly used in the treatment of OSTEOARTHRITIS with the therapeutic goal to restore the viscoelasticity of SYNOVIAL FLUID, decrease pain, improve mobility and restore the natural protective functions of hyaluronan in the joint.
Noninflammatory degenerative disease of the knee joint consisting of three large categories: conditions that block normal synchronous movement, conditions that produce abnormal pathways of motion, and conditions that cause stress concentration resulting in changes to articular cartilage. (Crenshaw, Campbell's Operative Orthopaedics, 8th ed, p2019)
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