Efficacy and Safety Study of Eltrombopag in Pediatric Patients With Thrombocytopenia From Chronic ITP
Phase II, multi-center, 3 part, staggered cohort, open-label and double blind, randomized, placebo controlled study involving 3 age-determined cohorts (Cohort 1: betwen 12 and 17 years old; Cohort 2: between 6 and 11 years old; Cohort 3: between 1and 5 years old). Daily dosing with eltrombopag will begin with 5 patients in the oldest age cohort in an open label fashion, and a review of safety, pharmacokinetic and platelet count data will be performed regularly. If no safety concerns are identified after 12 weeks, 18 additional patients will be randomised to placebo or eltrombopag (2:1 randomisation). After 7 weeks of randomized treatment, all patients will receive eltrombopag in an open label fashion. The total duration of treatment with eltrombopag will be 24 weeks. If at the time of the aforementioned 12 week review of the first 5 patients no safety issues are identified, dosing will begin in the next lower age cohort with an initial group of 5 patients. The same procedure will be followed in terms of safety review and subsequent enrolment and randomisation of the additional patients. Initiation of the younger age cohort will take place once data from the previous has been evaluated. Doses will be adjusted according to platelet counts and tolerability. The study will include a review of the safety data by a Data Safety Monitoring Board.
Allocation: Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Crossover Assignment, Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Investigator), Primary Purpose: Treatment
Immune Thrombocytopenic Purpura
GSK Investigational Site
Results (where available)
- Source: http://clinicaltrials.gov/show/NCT00908037
- Information obtained from ClinicalTrials.gov on July 15, 2010
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
A systemic non-thrombocytopenic purpura caused by HYPERSENSITIVITY VASCULITIS and deposition of IGA-containing IMMUNE COMPLEXES within the blood vessels throughout the body, including those in the kidney (KIDNEY GLOMERULUS). Clinical symptoms include URTICARIA; ERYTHEMA; ARTHRITIS; GASTROINTESTINAL HEMORRHAGE; and renal involvement. Most cases are seen in children after acute upper respiratory infections.
Any form of purpura in which the PLATELET COUNT is decreased. Many forms are thought to be caused by immunological mechanisms.
Purpura, Thrombocytopenic, Idiopathic
Thrombocytopenia occurring in the absence of toxic exposure or a disease associated with decreased platelets. It is mediated by immune mechanisms, in most cases IMMUNOGLOBULIN G autoantibodies which attach to platelets and subsequently undergo destruction by macrophages. The disease is seen in acute (affecting children) and chronic (adult) forms.
Purpura, Thrombotic Thrombocytopenic
An acquired, congenital, or familial disorder caused by PLATELET AGGREGATION with THROMBOSIS in terminal arterioles and capillaries. Clinical features include THROMBOCYTOPENIA; HEMOLYTIC ANEMIA; AZOTEMIA; FEVER; and thrombotic microangiopathy. The classical form also includes neurological symptoms and end-organ damage, such as RENAL FAILURE.
Diseases that result in THROMBOSIS in MICROVASCULATURE. The two most prominent diseases are PURPURA, THROMBOTIC THROMBOCYTOPENIC; and HEMOLYTIC-UREMIC SYNDROME. Multiple etiological factors include VASCULAR ENDOTHELIAL CELL damage due to SHIGA TOXIN; FACTOR H deficiency; and aberrant VON WILLEBRAND FACTOR formation.
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The population pharmacokinetics of eltrombopag were characterized in healthy subjects (n = 111) and patients with idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP) (n = 88) using nonlinear mixed-effects model...
BACKGROUND: Eltrombopag is an oral thrombopoietin receptor agonist for the treatment of thrombocytopenia. We aimed to compare the response to once daily eltrombopag versus placebo in patients with chr...
We present 2 patients with chronic immune thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP) secondary to Candida albicans infection. Neither patient responded to standard ITP therapy including splenectomy. Appropriate a...
Abstract Objectives: Eltrombopag, an oral, nonpeptide thrombopoietin receptor agonist, has been shown to increase platelet counts in adults with chronic immune thrombocytopenia and chronic hepatitis C...
Eltrombopag, an orally-active small molecule thrombopoietin (TPO) receptor agonist, was used for the first time in 2008 to treat patients with chronic idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura. Here, we inv...