Preparation of Patients for Cardiac Surgery
This was a prospective randomised trial of metabolic therapy including antioxidants and cellular energisers to determine whether this therapy could improve the results of cardiac surgery. The hypothesis was that the metabolic therapy could improve clinical recovery.
Objective Perioperative therapy with antioxidants and metabolic substrates has the potential to reduce oxidative stress and improve recovery from cardiac surgery, particularly in elderly and high risk cases. The aim of the study was to assess the effect of perioperative metabolic therapy at a biochemical and clinical level in cardiac surgical patients.
Methods Patients (n = 117, mean age 65 ± 1.0 years, 74% male) undergoing elective coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) and/or valve surgery were randomized to receive for a minimum of 2 weeks before and one month after surgery, either metabolic therapy (coenzyme Q10, magnesium orotate, lipoic acid, omega-3 fatty acids and selenium) or placebo. Biochemical and clinical outcomes were assessed.
Allocation: Randomized, Control: Placebo Control, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor), Primary Purpose: Treatment
Coronary Artery Bypass Graft Surgery
Metabolic therapy, Placebo
The Alfred Hospital
Results (where available)
- Source: http://clinicaltrials.gov/show/NCT00906646
- Information obtained from ClinicalTrials.gov on July 15, 2010
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
Internal Mammary-coronary Artery Anastomosis
Direct myocardial revascularization in which the internal mammary artery is anastomosed to the right coronary artery, circumflex artery, or anterior descending coronary artery. The internal mammary artery is the most frequent choice, especially for a single graft, for coronary artery bypass surgery.
Coronary Artery Bypass, Off-pump
Coronary artery bypass surgery on a beating HEART without a CARDIOPULMONARY BYPASS (diverting the flow of blood from the heart and lungs through an oxygenator).
Coronary Artery Bypass
Surgical therapy of ischemic coronary artery disease achieved by grafting a section of saphenous vein, internal mammary artery, or other substitute between the aorta and the obstructed coronary artery distal to the obstructive lesion.
Abdominal artery that follows the curvature of the stomach. The right gastroepiploic artery is frequently used in CORONARY ARTERY BYPASS GRAFTING; MYOCARDIAL REVASCULARIZATION, and other vascular reconstruction.
Microsurgical revascularization to improve intracranial circulation. It usually involves joining the extracranial circulation to the intracranial circulation but may include extracranial revascularization (e.g., subclavian-vertebral artery bypass, subclavian-external carotid artery bypass). It is performed by joining two arteries (direct anastomosis or use of graft) or by free autologous transplantation of highly vascularized tissue to the surface of the brain.
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