Mucus Dehydration and Evolution of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) Lung Disease
The purpose of this research is to understand the properties of mucus in persons with COPD, specifically Chronic Bronchitis. The investigators hypothesize that those with Chronic Bronchitis have dehydrated mucus, and thus have a harder time coughing it out of their lungs. This leads to a greater vulnerability for lung infection, inflammation and airflow obstruction. Ultimately, the investigators' goal is to understand how mucus dehydration contributes to the progression of COPD/Chronic Bronchitis so that better therapies and interventions can be developed for future generations.
Specific Aim I directly tests the hypothesis that mucus clearance is impaired due to mucus dehydration. It measures 1) COPD Mucociliary and Cough Clearance 2) mucus hydration 3) the concentrations of the dominant regulators of airway hydration and 4) the consequences of mucus dehydration on mucus biophysical properties and bacterial infection.
Specific Aim II tests the hypothesis that COPD acute exacerbations are associated with failures of mucus clearance. Measurements will be similar to that of Specific Aim I, but conducted during periods of baseline health, acute exacerbation and recovery.
Specific Aim III tests whether airway surface hydration with Hypertonic Saline will restore clearance in the basal state and during a COPD acute exacerbation. COPD subjects will be exposed to inhaled Hypertonic Saline during periods of baseline health and acute exacerbation. Acute efficacy via measures of mucus clearance and spirometry will studied.
Observational Model: Cohort, Time Perspective: Cross-Sectional
Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
University of North Carolina Chapel Hill
University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill
Results (where available)
- Source: http://clinicaltrials.gov/show/NCT00903955
- Information obtained from ClinicalTrials.gov on July 15, 2010
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive
A disease of chronic diffuse irreversible airflow obstruction. Subcategories of COPD include CHRONIC BRONCHITIS and PULMONARY EMPHYSEMA.
Pulmonary Heart Disease
Hypertrophy and dilation of the RIGHT VENTRICLE of the heart that is caused by PULMONARY HYPERTENSION. This condition is often associated with pulmonary parenchymal or vascular diseases, such as CHRONIC OBSTRUCTIVE PULMONARY DISEASE and PULMONARY EMBOLISM.
A subcategory of CHRONIC OBSTRUCTIVE PULMONARY DISEASE. The disease is characterized by hypersecretion of mucus accompanied by a chronic (more than 3 months in 2 consecutive years) productive cough. Infectious agents are a major cause of chronic bronchitis.
Sleep Apnea, Central
A condition associated with multiple episodes of sleep apnea which are distinguished from obstructive sleep apnea (SLEEP APNEA, OBSTRUCTIVE) by the complete cessation of efforts to breathe. This disorder is associated with dysfunction of central nervous system centers that regulate respiration. This condition may be idiopathic (primary) or associated with lower brain stem lesions; chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (LUNG DISEASES, OBSTRUCTIVE); HEART FAILURE, CONGESTIVE; medication effect; and other conditions. Sleep maintenance is impaired, resulting in daytime hypersomnolence. Primary central sleep apnea is frequently associated with obstructive sleep apnea. When both forms are present the condition is referred to as mixed sleep apnea (see SLEEP APNEA SYNDROMES). (Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p395; Neurol Clin 1996;14(3):611-28)
Plethysmography, Whole Body
Measurement of the volume of gas in the lungs, including that which is trapped in poorly communicating air spaces. It is of particular use in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and emphysema. (Segen, Dictionary of Modern Medicine, 1992)
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