Impact of Vitamin D Supplementation on Lactation Associated Bone Loss
Studies have shown that lactation is associated with a loss of bone density from four to seven percent at the spine and hip among women who lactate for six months. Decline in bone density with lactation occurs rapidly. Although bone density increases after weaning, there is controversy on whether or not it is completely restored. Epidemiological studies find no significant negative impact of lactation on bone mass or fractures, and in fact there is evidence that lactation has a positive effect on bone mass. We think that interventions that attenuate this physiologic loss of bone that is associated with lactation and accelerate restoration of bone mass after weaning may result in improved long term bone mass and diminished fracture risk.
Adequate vitamin D stores are necessary for skeletal health. Vitamin D deficiency is pronounced in women of child bearing age as well as pregnant women in the United States. This study will provide important information about whether vitamin D supplementation may positively impact the normal physiologic loss of bone mass that is observed during lactation.
Recruitment will begin while subjects are pregnant in order to expedite entry into the study in the immediate post-partum period. If subjects are deemed eligible during pregnancy, contact information to include name, address, expected delivery date and two contact phone numbers will be obtained. Subjects will be contacted two weeks prior to expected delivery date and then again at expected delivery date. Subjects will be followed for a total of 18 months.
Allocation: Randomized, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Prevention
Vitamin D3, Multivitamin
University of Kansas Medical Center
University of Kansas
Results (where available)
- Source: http://clinicaltrials.gov/show/NCT00903344
- Information obtained from ClinicalTrials.gov on July 15, 2010
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
Vitamin B 12 Deficiency
A nutritional condition produced by a deficiency of VITAMIN B 12 in the diet, characterized by megaloblastic anemia. Since vitamin B 12 is not present in plants, humans have obtained their supply from animal products, from multivitamin supplements in the form of pills, and as additives to food preparations. A wide variety of neuropsychiatric abnormalities is also seen in vitamin B 12 deficiency and appears to be due to an undefined defect involving myelin synthesis. (From Cecil Textbook of Medicine, 19th ed, p848)
Reduction of bone mass without alteration in the composition of bone, leading to fractures. Primary osteoporosis can be of two major types: postmenopausal osteoporosis (OSTEOPOROSIS, POSTMENOPAUSAL) and age-related or senile osteoporosis.
A lipid cofactor that is required for normal blood clotting. Several forms of vitamin K have been identified: VITAMIN K 1 (phytomenadione) derived from plants, VITAMIN K 2 (menaquinone) from bacteria, and synthetic naphthoquinone provitamins, VITAMIN K 3 (menadione). Vitamin K 3 provitamins, after being alkylated in vivo, exhibit the antifibrinolytic activity of vitamin K. Green leafy vegetables, liver, cheese, butter, and egg yolk are good sources of vitamin K.
Vitamin D Deficiency
A nutritional condition produced by a deficiency of VITAMIN D in the diet, insufficient production of vitamin D in the skin, inadequate absorption of vitamin D from the diet, or abnormal conversion of vitamin D to its bioactive metabolites. It is manifested clinically as RICKETS in children and OSTEOMALACIA in adults. (From Cecil Textbook of Medicine, 19th ed, p1406)
A nonhormonal medication for the treatment of postmenopausal osteoporosis in women. This drug builds healthy bone, restoring some of the bone loss as a result of osteoporosis.
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