Eltrombopag and the Bcl-xL Pathway in Idiopathic Thrombocytopenic Purpura (ITP)
The purpose of this study is to further evaluate the effects that eltrombopag has on platelets in subjects with chronic ITP. Eltrombopag is approved by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for the treatment of low platelets in patients with chronic ITP. It is being further studied by GlaxoSmithKline in other conditions associated with low platelets. This research study is being done because eltrombopag has been shown to increase platelet counts in a different way than other therapies for ITP. The investigators want to further study how eltrombopag affects subjects and their platelets to determine how the study drug should best be used in ITP treatment.
The Bcl-xL/Bak balance has been identified as an intrinsic mechanism that is critical in determining platelet lifespan (Mason, Cell 2007). There is evidence that Bcl-xL protein expression in megakaryocytes is regulated by TPO-mediated activation of Akt pathways mediated by Jak2 and Stat 5 (possibly by Stat 3 as well). (e.g. Kozuma et al, J Thromb Haemost 2007). Little is known about the Bcl-xL / Bak axis in patients with ITP, or the effect of TPO-R stimulation on platelet survival in patients with ITP. The TPO effect may be a result of stimulation of TPO-R signalling in megakaryocytes altering the packaging of Bcl-xl into platelets, or be a direct effect of platelet TPO-R stimulation as described above.
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment
Idiopathic Thrombocytopenic Purpura
Weill Cornell Medical College
Weill Medical College of Cornell University
Results (where available)
- Source: http://clinicaltrials.gov/show/NCT00902018
- Information obtained from ClinicalTrials.gov on July 15, 2010
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
Any form of purpura in which the PLATELET COUNT is decreased. Many forms are thought to be caused by immunological mechanisms.
Purpura, Thrombocytopenic, Idiopathic
Thrombocytopenia occurring in the absence of toxic exposure or a disease associated with decreased platelets. It is mediated by immune mechanisms, in most cases IMMUNOGLOBULIN G autoantibodies which attach to platelets and subsequently undergo destruction by macrophages. The disease is seen in acute (affecting children) and chronic (adult) forms.
Immunoglobulin preparations used in intravenous infusion, containing primarily IMMUNOGLOBULIN G. They are used to treat a variety of diseases associated with decreased or abnormal immunoglobulin levels including pediatric AIDS; primary HYPERGAMMAGLOBULINEMIA; SCID; CYTOMEGALOVIRUS infections in transplant recipients, LYMPHOCYTIC LEUKEMIA, CHRONIC; Kawasaki syndrome, infection in neonates, and IDIOPATHIC THROMBOCYTOPENIC PURPURA.
A systemic non-thrombocytopenic purpura caused by HYPERSENSITIVITY VASCULITIS and deposition of IGA-containing IMMUNE COMPLEXES within the blood vessels throughout the body, including those in the kidney (KIDNEY GLOMERULUS). Clinical symptoms include URTICARIA; ERYTHEMA; ARTHRITIS; GASTROINTESTINAL HEMORRHAGE; and renal involvement. Most cases are seen in children after acute upper respiratory infections.
Purpura, Thrombotic Thrombocytopenic
An acquired, congenital, or familial disorder caused by PLATELET AGGREGATION with THROMBOSIS in terminal arterioles and capillaries. Clinical features include THROMBOCYTOPENIA; HEMOLYTIC ANEMIA; AZOTEMIA; FEVER; and thrombotic microangiopathy. The classical form also includes neurological symptoms and end-organ damage, such as RENAL FAILURE.
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