Effects of Daytime Eszopiclone Administration in Shift Workers
The purpose of this study is to test the effects of eszopiclone on daytime sleep and overnight wakefulness in shift workers.
The current study seeks to extend the currently available treatments for SWSD by addressing the putative root cause of the problem—the inability of night-shift workers with or without SWSD— to obtain adequate daytime sleep in the face of the circadian drive for alertness that increases across the biological day. Even healthy, young subjects who are sleep-deprived overnight exhibit daytime sleep marked by frequent awakenings and low sleep efficiency, less slow-wave sleep, and altered sleep architecture, e.g. earlier predominance of REM sleep. Many night-workers routinely report 3-6 hours of habitual sleep duration for daytime sleep. Pharmacological interventions to decrease awakenings and improve total sleep time during daytime sleep could improve subsequent alertness during a night shift. Improving the wakefulness of night-shift workers over the nighttime could result in substantial benefits for the individual workers, improve workplace productivity and safety, and improve public health.
Allocation: Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Crossover Assignment, Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Investigator), Primary Purpose: Treatment
Shift-Work Sleep Disorder
eszopiclone, matching placebo
Brigham & Women's Hospital
Brigham and Women's Hospital
Results (where available)
- Source: http://clinicaltrials.gov/show/NCT00900159
- Information obtained from ClinicalTrials.gov on July 15, 2010
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
Sleep Disorders, Circadian Rhythm
Dyssomnias associated with disruption of the normal 24 hour sleep wake cycle secondary to travel (e.g., JET LAG SYNDROME), shift work, or other causes.
Sleep Disorders, Intrinsic
Dyssomnias (i.e., insomnias or hypersomnias) associated with dysfunction of internal sleep mechanisms or secondary to a sleep-related medical disorder (e.g., sleep apnea, post-traumatic sleep disorders, etc.). (From Thorpy, Sleep Disorders Medicine, 1994, p187)
A sleep disorder characterized by grinding and clenching of the teeth and forceful lateral or protrusive jaw movements. Sleep bruxism may be associated with TOOTH INJURIES; TEMPOROMANDIBULAR JOINT DISORDERS; sleep disturbances; and other conditions.
Rem Sleep Parasomnias
Abnormal behavioral or physiologic events that are associated with REM sleep, including REM SLEEP BEHAVIOR DISORDER.
A sleep disorder of central nervous system origin characterized by prolonged nocturnal sleep and periods of daytime drowsiness. Affected individuals experience difficulty with awakening in the morning and may have associated sleep drunkenness, automatic behaviors, and memory disturbances. This condition differs from narcolepsy in that daytime sleep periods are longer, there is no association with CATAPLEXY, and the multiple sleep latency onset test does not record sleep-onset rapid eye movement sleep. (From Chokroverty, Sleep Disorders Medicine, 1994, pp319-20; Psychiatry Clin Neurosci 1998 Apr:52(2):125-129)
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