Chlorhexidine Versus Betadine in Preventing Colonization of Femoral Nerve Catheters After Total Joint Arthroplasty (TJA)
Continuous femoral nerve block (CFNB) techniques continue to be increasingly used in the management of postoperative pain after total knee arthroplasty. Although the risk of full blown infection with CFNB has been poorly defined, the rate of catheter colonization after antisepsis with povidone-iodine has been demonstrated to be high (Cuivillion et al. showed the rate of colonization to be 57% after 48 hours). Recently, several anecdotal case reports have demonstrated severe infectious complications including psoas abscess and necrotizing fasciitis associated with continuous nerve block techniques. As the use of CFNB techniques increase in popularity, infectious complications will undoubtedly become more common.
The American Society of Regional Anesthesia and Pain Medicine recommends the routine use of antiseptic solutions with an alcohol base for skin disinfection before peripheral regional techniques due to their penetration of the stratum corneum and their rapid and prolonged effect. Chlorhexidine(chloraprep) has been proven to be better than povidone iodine solution for skin preparation before epidural catheter and intravascular device insertion (Kinirons et al., Ostrander et al., Mimoz et al.,). The goal of this prospective trial therefore is to determine if an alcoholic solution of 0.5% chlorhexidine is more effective than an aqueous solution of 10% povidone-iodine in reducing catheter colonization and reducing skin flora associated with short term ( 48 hours) postoperative continuous femoral nerve catheter placement. The investigators will also compare the ability of chloraprep and betadine disinfection at the time of catheter placement to prevent bacterial contamination of the continuous femoral catheter.
After antisepsis four different cultures will be analyzed:
1. The femoral nerve catheter will be removed after 48 hours and a culture of the distal tip of the femoral nerve catheter will be performed between the 2 arms.
2. immediately before skin antisepsis, a culture of the the skin will be performed to identify baseline skin flora.
3. immediately after antisepsis with both betadine and chlorhexidine, a culture of the skin will be performed to assess antiseptic efficacy.
4. just prior to removal of the femoral nerve catheter, a culture of the skin/catheter interface will be performed between the 2 arms.
Allocation: Randomized, Control: Active Control, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment, Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Outcomes Assessor), Primary Purpose: Prevention
Skin antisepsis with chlorhexidine, povidone-iodine
Not yet recruiting
North Shore Long Island Jewish Health System
Results (where available)
- Source: http://clinicaltrials.gov/show/NCT00896402
- Information obtained from ClinicalTrials.gov on July 15, 2010
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
An iodinated polyvinyl polymer used as topical antiseptic in surgery and for skin and mucous membrane infections, also as aerosol. The iodine may be radiolabeled for research purposes.
Stable iodine atoms that have the same atomic number as the element iodine, but differ in atomic weight. I-127 is the only naturally occurring stable iodine isotope.
Unstable isotopes of iodine that decay or disintegrate emitting radiation. I atoms with atomic weights 117-139, except I 127, are radioactive iodine isotopes.
A form of IODINE deficiency disorders characterized by an enlargement of the THYROID GLAND in a significantly large fraction of a POPULATION GROUP. Endemic goiter is common in mountainous and iodine-deficient areas of the world where the DIET contains insufficient amount of iodine.
Complexes of iodine and non-ionic SURFACE-ACTIVE AGENTS acting as carrier and solubilizing agent for the iodine in water. Iodophors usually enhance bactericidal activity of iodine, reduce vapor pressure and odor, minimize staining, and allow wide dilution with water. (From Merck Index, 11th ed)
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