Fish Oil and Inflammation in Overweight Subjects
The aim of this study is to investigate the effects of acute and short-term intervention with fish oil on inflammatory markers in overweight subjects.
Being overweight is associated with metabolic syndrome, cardiovascular disease, and diabetes mellitus (type 2). Adipose tissue can be regarded as an active organ, which produces an array of inflammatory mediators. This creates a state of chronic low-grade inflammation. Inflammation has been proven to be a key element in the development of atherosclerotic plaques.
The marine n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) have beneficial effects on cardiovascular disease. These effects are partly attributed to the anti-inflammatory effect of the n-3 PUFAs.
Previous studies have shown an anti-inflammatory effect of n-3 PUFAs in overweight subjects, but the studies have been conducted with a high daily dose of n-3 PUFA. We want to examine the effect of a lower dose of 1 g n-3 PUFA/day (the dose recommended by the Danish Heart Foundation).
The study is randomized, placebo-controlled and double blinded. Fifty subjects aged 30 - 75 years (postmenopausal women; waist circumference > 80 cm and men; waist circumference > 94 cm) will be included.
Blood samples and fatty tissue biopsies will be collected at baseline, after 1 day and after 6 weeks.
Allocation: Randomized, Control: Placebo Control, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor), Primary Purpose: Prevention
fish oil, olive oil
Aalborg Hospital, Aarhus University Hospital
Results (where available)
- Source: http://clinicaltrials.gov/show/NCT00885053
- Information obtained from ClinicalTrials.gov on July 15, 2010
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
A status with BODY WEIGHT that is above certain standard of acceptable or desirable weight. In the scale of BODY MASS INDEX, overweight is defined as having a BMI of 25.0-29.9 kg/m2. Overweight may or may not be due to increases in body fat (ADIPOSE TISSUE), hence overweight does not equal "over fat".
A plant genus of the family OLEACEAE. The olive fruit is the source of olive oil.
A diet typical of the Mediterranean region characterized by a pattern high in fruits and vegetables, cereals and bread, potatoes, poultry, beans, nuts, olive oil and fish while low in red meat and dairy and moderate in alcohol consumption.
Fish of the genera ONCORHYNCHUS and Salmo in the family SALMONIDAE. They are anadromous game fish, frequenting the coastal waters of both the North Atlantic and Pacific. They are known for their gameness as a sport fish and for the quality of their flesh as a table fish. (Webster, 3d ed).
Food products manufactured from fish (e.g., FISH FLOUR, fish meal).
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