Track topics on Twitter Track topics that are important to you
The aim of this study is to compare two different IVF-stimulation protocols in patients affected by PCOS: the use of a Gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) - antagonist starting on day 1 of controlled ovarian hyperstimulation (COH) versus a standard long agonist protocol; in order to assess wheather it affects the number and quality of Metaphase II (MII) oocytes while reducing the risk of hyperstimulation. Since PCOS patients are also likely to be insulin resistant we also aim to evaluate how metformin affects tha IVF stimulation outcome.
Hejinen et al (1) recently conducted a meta-analysis to compare outcomes of conventional IVF in women presenting with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) and non-PCOS patients. They compared nine RCTs reporting data on 458 PCOS patients (793 cycles) and 694 matched controls (1116 cycles) and concluded that in PCOS there is an increased cancellation rate, but more oocytes retrieved per pick-up and a lower fertilization rate. Overall, PCOS and control patients achieved similar pregnancy and live birth rates per cycle. The incidence of ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome (OHSS) after oocyte retrieval was rarely reported.
Our results are in accordance with this meta-analysis. Therefore, if the pregnancy and abortion rates in PCOS and controls do not differ, the main problem when dealing with PCOS in IVF is OHSS. This condition can be approached by using an antagonist instead of an agonist, by changing the kind of ovulation trigger and by co-treating patients with metformin.
- One of the currently debatable issues regarding the use of GnRH antagonists refers to the timing of GnRH antagonist initiation. A fixed protocol starting antagonist arbitrarily on Day 6 of stimulation has been used in all introductory comparative trials employing a daily antagonist administration (2). Following these trials, a flexible antagonist initiation by a follicle of 14-15 mm has been evaluated. Currently, initiation of antagonist in the early follicular phase in PCOS patients has been performed by Lainas and coll. (3) who treated patients with PCOS either with a long GnRH agonist scheme or a fixed day-1 GnRH antagonist protocol and concluded that initiation of GnRH antagonist concomitantly with recombinant FSH on day 1 is associated with an earlier follicular growth and a different hormonal environment during the follicular phase when compared with the long agonist protocol. This may lead to a reduction in the incidence of OHSS.
- Over the past 15 years, it has become increasingly recognized that insulin resistance is central to the pathogenesis of the PCOS (4). Metformin, a biguanide insulin-lowering agent, has been extensively investigated in the management of PCOS. Two recent systematic reviews (5, 6) demonstrated that metformin improves reproductive function of some women with PCOS. Metformin also appeared to improve the outcomes of ovulation induction therapies when combined with clomiphene and gonadotrophin. Tang et al. recently studied PCOS overweight patients undergoing IVF to whom they administered 850 mg bid or placebo 28 days prior to the stimulation (7). They concluded that short-term co-treatment with metformin for patients with PCOS undergoing IVF/ICSI cycles does not improve the response to stimulation but significantly improves the pregnancy outcome and reduces the risk of OHSS.
The aim of this study is to verify if using an antagonist the number and quality of MII oocytes is equal compared to a standard long agonist protocol while reducing the risk of hyperstimulation.
- Oocytes MII Secondary endpoints
- Fertilization rates
- Pregnancy rates
- Miscarriage rates
- Incidence of OHSS
Allocation: Randomized, Control: Active Control, Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment
Polycystic Ovary Syndrome
Controlled ovarian hyperstimulation for IVF with a long agonist protocol, Controlled ovarian hyperstimulation for IVF with an antagonist protocol
Institut Universitari Dexeus
Institut Universitari Dexeus
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-07-24T14:13:39-0400
Failure to respond to controlled ovarian hyperstimulation (COH) is still a major concern in assisted reproduction and there is no consensus on the ovarian stimulation ...
In this study the effectiveness of degarelix, a long acting GnRH antagonist administered in a unique administration of 20 mg the first day of menstrual cycle, to prevent ovarian hyperstimu...
The aim of the study is to explore the concept of GnRH-agonist triggering in combination with elective cryopreservation of all 2PN oocytes at larger scale in a pragmatic clinical setting. ...
This pilot study aims to address whether the prophylactic use of Cetrorelix Acetate after a long gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) agonist protocol post-hCG (human chorionic gonadotrop...
To compare the incidence of ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome (OHSS) and implantation rate between high responder patients using Gonadotropin releasing GnRH) agonist or human chorionic gon...
To assess correlation between controlled ovarian hyperstimulation (COH) outcome parameters and anti-Müllerian hormone (AMH) serum levels during in vitro fertilization (IVF) treatment in women with va...
The objective of this review was to identify recurrences (ipsilateral, contralateral, metastases and deaths) occurring after controlled ovarian hyperstimulation (COH) or cryopreservation of ovarian ti...
There are many factors that affect intrauterine insemination (IUI) success rate and identifying those factors can be helpful. This study aimed to investigate the single versus double IUI in controlled...
Data on variations in anti-Müllerian hormone (AMH) levels according to ovarian reserve are scant. The aim of this study was to investigate changes in AMH levels during controlled ovarian hyperstimula...
The aim of this study was to assess the use of recombinant luteinizing hormone (rLH) supplementation in patients who experience a reduction in LH concentration during controlled ovarian hyperstimulati...
Implanted fluid propulsion systems with self-contained power source for providing long-term controlled-rate delivery of drugs such as chemotherapeutic agents or analgesics. Delivery rate may be externally controlled or osmotically or peristatically controlled with the aid of transcutaneous monitoring.
A complication of OVULATION INDUCTION in infertility treatment. It is graded by the severity of symptoms which include OVARY enlargement, multiple OVARIAN FOLLICLES; OVARIAN CYSTS; ASCITES; and generalized EDEMA. The full-blown syndrome may lead to RENAL FAILURE, respiratory distress, and even DEATH. Increased capillary permeability is caused by the vasoactive substances, such as VASCULAR ENDOTHELIAL GROWTH FACTORS, secreted by the overly-stimulated OVARIES.
Technique combining controlled eruptive tooth movement and incision of the supracrestal gingival attachment to allow for proper restoration of a destroyed or damaged crown of a tooth. Controlled eruption of the tooth is obtained using ORTHODONTIC APPLIANCES. During this eruptive phase, repeated incisions are made at the junctional epithelium of the sulcus and the supracrestal connective tissue to prevent coronal displacement of the gingiva and of the attachment apparatus.
Work that is a report of a pre-planned, usually controlled, clinical study of the safety and efficacy of diagnostic, therapeutic, or prophylactic drugs, devices, or techniques after phase II trials. A large enough group of patients is studied and closely monitored by physicians for adverse response to long-term exposure, over a period of about three years in either the United States or a foreign country.
Diabetes Diabetes Endocrine Obesity Oxycontin Renal Disease Thyroid Disorders Endocrinology is the study of the endocrine glands and the hormones that they secrete (Oxford Medical Dictionary). There are several groups of h...