Brain Tissue Oxygen Saturation and Blood Transfusion in Cardiac Surgery
In cardiac operations under cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB), monitoring of brain tissue oxygen saturation with infrared spectrophotoscopy leads to a reduction of the number of packed red cell (PRC) transfusions during the period of extracorporeal circulation.
The purpose of this study is to investigate whether the use of brain tissue oxygen saturation monitoring will lead to a reduction of the intra-operative use of packed red cell units.
Patients randomly allocated to groups A and B. In group A INVOS monitoring available. In group B, no access to INVOS for the attending anesthesiologist. An "observer" anesthesiolo-gist has access to INVOS and provides information if it is considered necessary.
For BOTH GROUPS:
During CBP and before aortic unclamping, PRC not to be given if hemoglobin is >7g/dl. For values less than 5.5g/dl, one unit of PRC is transfused and the patient is reevaluated. After weaning from CPB and retransfusion of the salvaged shed blood, transfusion when hemoglobin is <8g/dl. During ICU stay, transfusion when hemoglobin is <8g/dl. Between 8-10g/dl evaluation for transfusion in a multimodal manner.
For GROUP A:
As above and during CBP and before aortic unclamping, if hemoglobin is between 5.5-7g/dl, transfusion when INVOS is less than 60%.
For GROUP B:
As above and during CBP and before aortic unclamping, if hemoglobin is between 5.5-7g/dl, decision for transfusion is taken by the attending anesthesiologist (judgment).
Allocation: Randomized, Control: Active Control, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Double Blind (Caregiver, Investigator), Primary Purpose: Supportive Care
Brain tissue oxygen saturation monitoring, Transfusion according to the anasthesiologist's judgement
Larissa University Hospital
Not yet recruiting
Larissa University Hospital
Results (where available)
- Source: http://clinicaltrials.gov/show/NCT00879463
- Information obtained from ClinicalTrials.gov on July 15, 2010
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
The determination of oxygen-hemoglobin saturation of blood either by withdrawing a sample and passing it through a classical photoelectric oximeter or by electrodes attached to some translucent part of the body like finger, earlobe, or skin fold. It includes non-invasive oxygen monitoring by pulse oximetry.
Simultaneous and continuous monitoring of several parameters during sleep to study normal and abnormal sleep. The study includes monitoring of brain waves, to assess sleep stages, and other physiological variables such as breathing, eye movements, and blood oxygen levels which exhibit a disrupted pattern with sleep disturbances.
The rate at which oxygen is used by a tissue; microliters of oxygen STPD used per milligram of tissue per hour; the rate at which oxygen enters the blood from alveolar gas, equal in the steady state to the consumption of oxygen by tissue metabolism throughout the body. (Stedman, 25th ed, p346)
A reduction in brain oxygen supply due to ANOXEMIA (a reduced amount of oxygen being carried in the blood by HEMOGLOBIN), or to a restriction of the blood supply to the brain, or both. Severe hypoxia is referred to as anoxia, and is a relatively common cause of injury to the central nervous system. Prolonged brain anoxia may lead to BRAIN DEATH or a PERSISTENT VEGETATIVE STATE. Histologically, this condition is characterized by neuronal loss which is most prominent in the HIPPOCAMPUS; GLOBUS PALLIDUS; CEREBELLUM; and inferior olives.
Tissue NECROSIS in any area of the brain, including the CEREBRAL HEMISPHERES, the CEREBELLUM, and the BRAIN STEM. Brain infarction is the result of a cascade of events initiated by inadequate blood flow through the brain that is followed by HYPOXIA and HYPOGLYCEMIA in brain tissue. Damage may be temporary, permanent, selective or pan-necrosis.
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