Reliability of Point-of-Care INR Measurements in Patients With Antiphospholipid-Antibody Syndrome Treated With Warfarin
The antiphospholipid-antibody syndrome (APLA), which includes lupus anticoagulant, anticardiolipin, and anti-beta-2-glycoproteinI antibodies, is a thrombophilic disorder associated with arterial thrombosis, venous thrombosis or both. Patients diagnosed with APLA have a higher risk of recurrent thrombosis than do patients without known antibodies. Currently, warfarin is considered the anticoagulant of choice for prophylactic antithrombotic treatment for APLA patients after their first episode of thrombosis. In some patients with APLA who are treated with warfarin, the INR values determined on plasma are unreliable due to an influence of the APLA on the INR. In these individuals, alternative monitoring methods, such as factor II activity, chromogenic factor X activity or prothrombin-proconvertin time should be used to assess adequate anticoagulation. These tests are expensive and not widely available to some clinicians. Point-of-care (POC) instruments, on the other hand, are readily accessible to clinicians. Previous research has shown that INR values from 3 older point-of-care (POC) instruments are unreliable in 1/3 of APLA patients (CoaguChekTM, ProTimeTM, INRatioTM). However, there are now newer versions of these POC instruments available (CoaguChek XSTM, an investigational ProTime device, and a newer INRatioTM device) and it is unknown if these newer POC instruments are reliable in patients with APLA. The purpose of this study is to determine whether newer POC instruments are reliable in patients with APLA.
Observational Model: Case Control, Time Perspective: Prospective
INR by point-of-care instruments and venopuncture
University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
Enrolling by invitation
University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill
Results (where available)
- Source: http://clinicaltrials.gov/show/NCT00878137
- Information obtained from ClinicalTrials.gov on July 15, 2010
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
Antiphospholipid antibodies found in association with systemic lupus erythematosus (LUPUS ERYTHEMATOSUS, SYSTEMIC;), ANTIPHOSPHOLIPID SYNDROME; and in a variety of other diseases as well as in healthy individuals. The antibodies are detected by solid-phase IMMUNOASSAY employing the purified phospholipid antigen CARDIOLIPIN.
A systemic non-inflammatory arteriopathy primarily of middle-aged females characterized by the association of livedo reticularis, multiple thrombotic CEREBRAL INFARCTION; CORONARY DISEASE, and HYPERTENSION. Elevation of antiphospholipid antibody titers (see also ANTIPHOSPHOLIPID SYNDROME), cardiac valvulopathy, ISCHEMIC ATTACK, TRANSIENT; SEIZURES; DEMENTIA; and chronic ischemia of the extremities may also occur. Pathologic examination of affected arteries reveals non-inflammatory adventitial fibrosis, thrombosis, and changes in the media. (From Jablonski, Dictionary of Syndromes & Eponymic Diseases, 2d ed; Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p861; Arch Neurol 1997 Jan;54(1):53-60)
Autoantibodies directed against phospholipids. These antibodies are characteristically found in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (LUPUS ERYTHEMATOSUS, SYSTEMIC;), ANTIPHOSPHOLIPID SYNDROME; related autoimmune diseases, some non-autoimmune diseases, and also in healthy individuals.
The presence of antibodies directed against phospholipids (ANTIBODIES, ANTIPHOSPHOLIPID). The condition is associated with a variety of diseases, notably systemic lupus erythematosus and other connective tissue diseases, thrombopenia, and arterial or venous thromboses. In pregnancy it can cause abortion. Of the phospholipids, the cardiolipins show markedly elevated levels of anticardiolipin antibodies (ANTIBODIES, ANTICARDIOLIPIN). Present also are high levels of lupus anticoagulant (LUPUS COAGULATION INHIBITOR).
Lupus Coagulation Inhibitor
An antiphospholipid antibody found in association with systemic lupus erythematosus (LUPUS ERYTHEMATOSUS, SYSTEMIC;), ANTIPHOSPHOLIPID SYNDROME; and in a variety of other diseases as well as in healthy individuals. In vitro, the antibody interferes with the conversion of prothrombin to thrombin and prolongs the partial thromboplastin time. In vivo, it exerts a procoagulant effect resulting in thrombosis mainly in the larger veins and arteries. It further causes obstetrical complications, including fetal death and spontaneous abortion, as well as a variety of hematologic and neurologic complications.
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