Evaluating for Contact Allergies in Patients With Chronic Urticaria
Hives affects 10-25% of the population worldwide at some time during their lifetime. Hives are itchy transient swellings of the skin lasting 4-36 hours. Chronic urticaria is defined as hives that have been ongoing for six weeks or more.
Patch testing is performed to diagnose allergic contact dermatitis, and if contact allergens are found via patch testing, patients can often be cured of their dermatitis. However, patch testing is currently not routinely performed in the evaluation of patients with chronic idiopathic urticaria.
Our hypothesis is to see if contact allergens can be identified with patch testing in patients with chronic urticaria, and, if any allergens are identified, to see if avoiding these contact allergens will make the chronic urticaria go away.
Study Visits: Patients will be seen on Day #0, which will be a Monday, and the study will be explained. If they agree to participate, consent will be signed and they will be interviewed to determine any relevant occupational or personal exposures to potential allergens. They will be examined to determine if they have sufficient normal skin to undergo patch testing. Patients will be allowed to use antihistamines to treat pruritus as antihistamines do not abrogate T-cell-mediated immune reactions.
Scanpor (paper) tape strips of 10 allergens each contained within 10-mm Finn (aluminum) chambers will be applied to the patient's back. All patients will be tested to the Tufts Medical Center standard series, fragrance, cosmetics/preservative, and textile series. Based on patient history, other appropriate allergen series will be added.
After two days (on Day #2, a Wednesday), patches will be removed and the areas will be inspected for type IV hypersensitivity reactions including papules, edema or vesicles. The testing areas will be marked using a surgical marker and the patients will return the following day (on Day #3, a Thursday) for a delayed reading.
Interpretation: Patch test reactions will be interpreted by using NACDG criteria: negative reaction (macular erythema); 1+ (weak reaction; non-vesicular erythema, infiltration, and possibly papules); 2+ (strong reaction; edematous or vesicular); 3+ (extreme reaction; spreading, bullous, or ulcerative lesions), or irritant reaction. If contact allergens are found, patients will be educated about allergen avoidance and given listings from the Contact Allergen Replacement Database delineating products they may use which do not contain their allergens.
Follow-up Interview: One to three months after patch testing, the patients will be contacted to determine whether allergen avoidance has resulted in any improvement in their chronic urticaria. They will be asked how well they have adhered to allergen avoidance (completely avoided, mostly avoided, somewhat avoided, or not at all avoided) and how their urticaria has been since changing their habits (a response score: completely resolved, mostly improved, somewhat improved, no change, or worse).
Costs: there will be no costs to the patients to participate in this study. Patients will be seen as regular patients at Tufts Medical Center, and their insurance providers will be billed for the visits. A stipend will be provided to patients to cover the costs of their transportation.
Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment
Tufts Medical Center, Department of Dermatology
Tufts Medical Center
Results (where available)
- Source: http://clinicaltrials.gov/show/NCT00868036
- Information obtained from ClinicalTrials.gov on July 15, 2010
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
An electrophysiologic technique for studying cells, cell membranes, and occasionally isolated organelles. All patch-clamp methods rely on a very high-resistance seal between a micropipette and a membrane; the seal is usually attained by gentle suction. The four most common variants include on-cell patch, inside-out patch, outside-out patch, and whole-cell clamp. Patch-clamp methods are commonly used to voltage clamp, that is control the voltage across the membrane and measure current flow, but current-clamp methods, in which the current is controlled and the voltage is measured, are also used.
A medicated adhesive patch placed on the skin to deliver a specific dose of medication into the bloodstream.
Skin tests in which the sensitizer is applied to a patch of cotton cloth or gauze held in place for approximately 48-72 hours. It is used for the elicitation of a contact hypersensitivity reaction.
Detection of or testing for certain ALLELES, mutations, genotypes, or karyotypes that are associated with genetic traits, heritable diseases, or with a predisposition to a disease, or that may lead to the disease in descendants. It includes prenatal genetic testing.
Testing in which the source of the specimen or the person being tested is not individually identified.
The objective of this study is to perform an exploratory analysis to determine if a possible relationship between vitamin D and chronic urticaria and/or angioedema exists. The study hypot...
Stress and chronic urticaria has been linked. The purpose of the study is to evaluate a patients chronic urticaria and stress levels before and after he/she goes through six sessions desi...
Several studies have shown a relationship between psychological stress and chronic urticaria (hives). The primary objective of this study is to evaluate the effect psychological stress int...
This study is being done to find out if a drug called Rituxan (Rituximab) is safe and effective in treating people with chronic urticaria (hives) with persistent symptoms in spite of takin...
This study is being done to find out if a drug called Xolair (omalizumab), an anti-IgE antibody, is safe and effective for people with chronic urticaria (hives) with persistent symptoms in...
Several guidelines for urticaria and angioedema have been published in Europe and United States since 1997. General principles for diagnosis and treatments of them are similar. However, each guideline...
The strip patch test is recommended whenever a patch test is presumed to be false negative. The aim of this technique is to increase skin sensitivity to test substances by removing the upper layers of...
Acute urticaria is defined as evanescent wheals with a duration period of up to 6 weeks. Yet within acute urticaria, IgE-mediated urticaria lasts rarely more than 48 h, whereas longer duration periods...
Urticaria is a frequent dermatological skin disease characterized by the occurrence of transient pruritic wheals. The sensation of pruritus has been described to be stinging, tickling and burning in p...
Disperse dyes are the most common contact sensitizers among textile dyes. The main aim of this study was to investigate the outcome of patch testing with a textile dye mix 6.6%. A total of 2,049 patie...