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Inclusion of patients undergoing mechanical ventilation and presenting a pneumonia in order to determine serum pharmacokinetics of nebulized amikacin. The primary aim is to determine the dose of amikacin to be nebulized in order to observe amikacin serum concentrations close to but inferior to those observed after standart intravenous amikacin infusion.
After inclusion, patients undergo intravenous infusion of 20 mg/Kg of amikacin with amikacin serum concentrations being monitored over the following 24 hours.
Randomization occures after this first amikacin infusion. Patients are randomized to group nebulized amikacin or intravenous amikacin. The three next days of the study patients recieve nebulized amikacin (or nebulized placebo) during mechanical ventilation and a placebo infusion (amikacin infusion in case of placebo nebulization) using a air driven jet nebulizer. Amikacin serum concentrations are monitored over 24 hours after each nebulization.
Patients are followed up during 10 days for safety and efficacy. The dose of amikacin to be nebulized is 60 mg/Kg for the first 6 patients (phase A), 80 mg/Kg for the next 6 patients (phase B) and 100 mg/Kg for the last 6 patients (phase C). Each phase is started after review of the results of the preceeding phase by an idependent safety and monitoring board.
Allocation: Randomized, Control: Active Control, Endpoint Classification: Pharmacokinetics Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor), Primary Purpose: Treatment
Ventilator Associated Pneumonia
Nebulized amikacin, Intravenous amikacin, Placebo nebulization, Placebo infusion
Service de réanimation médicale polyvalente. Hôpital Bretonneau CHRU
Indre et Loire
Association Pour La Promotion A Tours De La Reanimation Medicale
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-07-24T09:14:02-0400
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A broad-spectrum antibiotic derived from KANAMYCIN. It is reno- and oto-toxic like the other aminoglycoside antibiotics.
Misunderstanding among individuals, frequently research subjects, of scientific methods such as randomization and placebo controls.
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Fluid propulsion systems driven mechanically, electrically, or osmotically that are used to inject (or infuse) over time agents into a patient or experimental animal; used routinely in hospitals to maintain a patent intravenous line, to administer antineoplastic agents and other drugs in thromboembolism, heart disease, diabetes mellitus (INSULIN INFUSION SYSTEMS is also available), and other disorders.
Immunoglobulin preparations used in intravenous infusion, containing primarily IMMUNOGLOBULIN G. They are used to treat a variety of diseases associated with decreased or abnormal immunoglobulin levels including pediatric AIDS; primary HYPERGAMMAGLOBULINEMIA; SCID; CYTOMEGALOVIRUS infections in transplant recipients, LYMPHOCYTIC LEUKEMIA, CHRONIC; Kawasaki syndrome, infection in neonates, and IDIOPATHIC THROMBOCYTOPENIC PURPURA.
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Pulmonary relating to or associated with the lungs eg Asthma, chronic bronchitis, emphysema, COPD, Cystic Fibrosis, Influenza, Lung Cancer, Pneumonia, Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension, Sleep Disorders etc Follow and track Lung Cancer News ...
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Pneumonia (bronchopneumonia, lobar pneumonia and double pneumonia) is inflammation (swelling) of the tissue in one or both of your lungs. It is usually caused by an pneumococcal infection caused by bacteria called Streptococcus pneumoniae. However,...
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