Muscle Tissue Oxygenation in Patients With Decompensated Liver Cirrhosis
Patients with decompensated liver cirrhosis exhibit numerous hemodynamic and microvascular changes, i.e., low systemic blood pressure and peripheral vasodilatation. In addition, alterations of tissue oxygenation are described in these patients.
Near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) has been proposed as a tool to quantify microvascular dysfunction, for example in patients with sepsis (1) or after trauma (2). NIRS is a non-invasive technique that uses the differential absorption properties of oxygenated and desoxygenated hemoglobin to evaluate skeletal muscle oxygenation (3).
Up to the investigators' knowledge no data exist on NIRS measurements in patients with decompensated liver cirrhosis.
Aims of this study are to evaluate:
- Are there any changes in NIRS parameters in patients with decompensated liver cirrhosis in comparison to other critically ill patients (matched to SAPS II Score) or healthy individuals?
- Is there a correlation with common accepted prognostic scores (MELD Score or indocyanin green clearance) in decompensated liver cirrhosis patients and initial NIRS parameters?
- Does the NIRS trend within the first three days of ICU care in decompensated liver cirrhosis patients receiving fluid replacement therapy correlate with the course of disease?
1. De Backer D, Creteur J, Preiser JC, Dubois MJ, Vincent JL. Microvascular blood flow is altered in patients with sepsis. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 2002 Jul 1;166(1):98-104.
2. Creteur J. Muscle StO2 in critically ill patients. Curr Opin Crit Care. 2008 Jun;14(3):361-6.
3. Creteur J, Carollo T, Soldati G, Buchele G, De Backer D, Vincent JL. The prognostic value of muscle StO2 in septic patients. Intensive Care Med. 2007 Sep;33(9):1549-56.
Patients fulfilling inclusion criteria and without exclusion criteria will be monitored by NIRS using InSpectra™ technology (Hutchinson, USA) for the first three days of their ICU hospitalization. Besides registration of the NIRS parameters (tissue hemoglobin saturation (StO2), total tissue hemoglobin (THI), dynamic test values by using occlusion testing) baseline characteristics (age, sex, SAPS II Score et.), disease relevant information (etiology of liver cirrhosis, cause of ICU hospitalization) and ICU data (catecholamine therapy, mechanical ventilation, hemodynamic monitoring, fluid therapy) will be recorded. Within the observation time, an indocyanin green-clearance measurement and further laboratory testing will be performed on a daily basis. Data will be pseudonymized and kept confidential according to the guidelines of the local ethics committee.
Observational Model: Case Control, Time Perspective: Prospective
University Hospital of Regensburg
Not yet recruiting
University of Regensburg
Results (where available)
- Source: http://clinicaltrials.gov/show/NCT00849641
- Information obtained from ClinicalTrials.gov on July 15, 2010
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
Liver Cirrhosis, Experimental
Experimentally induced chronic injuries to the parenchymal cells in the liver to achieve a model for LIVER CIRRHOSIS.
Liver Diseases, Alcoholic
Liver diseases associated with ALCOHOLISM. It usually refers to the coexistence of two or more subentities, i.e., ALCOHOLIC FATTY LIVER; ALCOHOLIC HEPATITIS; and ALCOHOLIC CIRRHOSIS.
Liver disease in which the normal microcirculation, the gross vascular anatomy, and the hepatic architecture have been variably destroyed and altered with fibrous septa surrounding regenerated or regenerating parenchymal nodules.
INFLAMMATION of the LIVER due to ALCOHOL ABUSE. It is characterized by NECROSIS of HEPATOCYTES, infiltration by NEUTROPHILS, and deposit of Mallory hyaline bodies. Depending on its severity, the inflammatory lesion may be reversible or progress to LIVER CIRRHOSIS.
Liver Cirrhosis, Biliary
FIBROSIS of the hepatic parenchyma due to obstruction of BILE flow (CHOLESTASIS) in the intrahepatic or extrahepatic bile ducts (BILE DUCTS, INTRAHEPATIC; BILE DUCTS, EXTRAHEPATIC). Primary biliary cirrhosis involves the destruction of small intra-hepatic bile ducts and bile secretion. Secondary biliary cirrhosis is produced by prolonged obstruction of large intrahepatic or extrahepatic bile ducts from a variety of causes.
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