Changes in Ectopic Fat Following Surgically Induced Weight Loss
This study evaluates how ectopic fat (in the pancreas, heart, liver and skeletal muscle), visceral fat, and subcutaneous fat changes following surgically induced weight loss using gastric banding. The investigators also evaluate whether changes in pancreatic fat content correlate with improvement in beta-cell function.
We are looking for volunteers for this study,wich involves 7 visits over a period of 13 months, the first visit taking place about 2 weeks prior to the planned surgery.
Visit 1 - baseline, before starting your pre-operative diet Visit 2 - just before the surgery Visit 3 - around the time your first band inflation occurs Visit 4 - 1 month after the band inflation Visit 5 - 3 months after the first band inflation Visit 6 - 6 months after the first band inflation Visit 7 - 12 months after the first band inflation
At each visit we do the following tests:
1. MRI to measure your fat in the liver, pancreas, heart, muscle (leg), subcutaneous fat and visceral fat.
2. Frequently sampled intravenous glucose tolerance test - it is a 3.5 hrs test which determines the amount of insulin your body produces and how well your own insulin is being used by the body
3. Body measurements (waist, hip circumference), cholesterol panel, liver function tests, HbA1c (to monitor diabetes control), blood pressure, weight.
We also do an oral glucose tolerance test to check for diabetes on 3 occasions: visit 1, visit 5 and at the end, visit 7.
Observational Model: Case-Only, Time Perspective: Prospective
University of Texas Southwestern
University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center
Results (where available)
- Source: http://clinicaltrials.gov/show/NCT00840307
- Information obtained from ClinicalTrials.gov on July 15, 2010
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
A condition of having excess fat in the abdomen. Abdominal obesity is typically defined as waist circumferences of 40 inches or more in men and 35 inches or more in women. Abdominal obesity raises the risk of developing disorders, such as diabetes, hypertension and METABOLIC SYNDROME X.
The condition of weighing two, three, or more times the ideal weight, so called because it is associated with many serious and life-threatening disorders. In the BODY MASS INDEX, morbid obesity is defined as having a BMI greater than 40.0 kg/m2.
Agents that increase energy expenditure and weight loss by neural and chemical regulation. Beta-adrenergic agents and serotoninergic drugs have been experimentally used in patients with non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM) to treat obesity.
A status with BODY WEIGHT that is grossly above the acceptable or desirable weight, usually due to accumulation of excess FATS in the body. The standards may vary with age, sex, genetic or cultural background. In the BODY MASS INDEX, a BMI greater than 30.0 kg/m2 is considered obese, and a BMI greater than 40.0 kg/m2 is considered morbidly obese (MORBID OBESITY).
The discipline concerned with WEIGHT REDUCTION in patients with OBESITY.
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