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The purpose of this study is to compare pain threshold, pain tolerance, and wind up, as measured by QST, before and after a single dose of ketamine infusion under two clinical conditions: chronic pain patients on opioid therapy and chronic pain patients without opioid therapy.
We hypothesize that:
1. Chronic pain patients on chronic opioids would have a lower pain threshold and lower pain tolerance when compared to opioid naïve patients (patients with chronic pain with non-opioids treatment)., as measured by QST in a non-affected neutral limb;
2. Chronic pain patients on chronic opioids would have an increased response to painful stimulation, so called "windup" as demonstrated by QST;
3. Both "wind-up" and altered pain threshold and tolerance would be indicative of the presence of opioid-induced hyperalgesia;
4. Intravenous ketamine, an NMDA receptor antagonist, could be used to differentiate between opioid-induced hyperalgesia and opioid tolerance.
Allocation: Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver, Investigator), Primary Purpose: Health Services Research
Massachusetts General Hospital
Massachusetts General Hospital
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:24:40-0400
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