Pilot Study of Ranibizumab (Lucentis) for Uveitic Cystoid Macular Edema
Uveitic CME is a major cause of visual loss associated with uveitis. Systemic and/or local corticosteroid therapy and systemic immunosuppression with steroid-sparing agents such as cyclosporine, methotrexate, azathioprine, or others, effectively treats uveitis and associated CME in many patients. However, in many cases, CME persists in spite of adequate suppression of uveitis. No consensus exists on how best to treat such cases. The further addition of immunosuppressive agents appears to have little effect on this form of CME. Oral corticosteroids are useful, but high dosage and prolonged use can be associated with serious side-effects. Periocular and intravitreal corticosteroid injections are associated with well-known, significant side effects such as glaucoma and cataract formation.
Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) is suspected to play a role in the loss of vascular integrity in the eye and known to be induced by inflammatory cytokines, such as interleukin IL-1β and IL-6, which are elevated intraocularly in uveitis. In addition, it has been demonstrated that aqueous VEGF concentrations are statistically significantly higher in those uveitis patients with CME than those without CME. Inhibition of inappropriate VEGF activity is a potential approach to treatment of CME in uveitis given our current knowledge of the pathophysiology of this condition and also because of the clinical need for additional treatment options for these patients. Ranibizumab, a recombinant, humanized monoclonal antibody antigen-binding fragment (Fab) that neutralizes all active forms of VEGF-A, would target this pathway and may be useful in cases of persistent CME in uveitis patients.
The objective of this study is to determine if an anti-VEGF agent, Lucentis, is safe and effective in leading to regression of macular edema due to chronic non-infectious uveitis in patients with well-controlled uveitis.
Control: Uncontrolled, Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment
Uveitic Cystoid Macular Edema
Bascom Palmer Eye Insitute
University of Miami
Results (where available)
- Source: http://clinicaltrials.gov/show/NCT00826618
- Information obtained from ClinicalTrials.gov on July 15, 2010
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
Fluid accumulation in the outer layer of the MACULA LUTEA that results from intraocular or systemic insults. It may develop in a diffuse pattern where the macula appears thickened or it may acquire the characteristic petaloid appearance referred to as cystoid macular edema. Although macular edema may be associated with various underlying conditions, it is most commonly seen following intraocular surgery, venous occlusive disease, DIABETIC RETINOPATHY, and posterior segment inflammatory disease. (From Survey of Ophthalmology 2004; 49(5) 470-90)
A form of MACULAR DEGENERATION also known as dry macular degeneration marked by occurrence of a well-defined progressive lesion or atrophy in the central part of the RETINA called the MACULA LUTEA. It is distinguishable from WET MACULAR DEGENERATION in that the latter involves neovascular exudates.
Specialized ophthalmic technique used in the surgical repair and or treatment of disorders that include retinal tears or detachment; MACULAR HOLES; hereditary retinal disease; AIDS-related retinal infections; ocular tumors; MACULAR DEGENERATION; DIABETIC RETINOPATHY; and UVEITIS.
Abnormal fluid accumulation in TISSUES or body cavities. Most cases of edema are present under the SKIN in SUBCUTANEOUS TISSUE.
Edema Disease Of Swine
An acute disease of young pigs that is usually associated with weaning. It is characterized clinically by paresis and subcutaneous edema.
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