Effect of Smoking, Abstention and Nicotine Replacement Therapy on Wound Healing
The aim was to determine the wound healing capacity in healthy never smokers and smokers who continue to smoke, or quit smoking using transdermal nicotine patch versus placebo patch.
Two wound healing models were applied: the excisional skin biopsy model to study wound histology and the suction blister model to study epidermal regeneration and skin transudate. In addition blood sampling was made to validate compliance to the study arms and to study systemic markers of collagen metabolism and oxidative stress. In addition, wound infections and wound ruptures were recorded post hoc as complications to the excisional skin biopsy model were not expected to occur.
Allocation: Randomized, Control: Placebo Control, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor), Primary Purpose: Basic Science
Transdermal nicotine patch, Placebo patch, Smoking cessation, Continuous smoking
Results (where available)
- Source: http://clinicaltrials.gov/show/NCT00825851
- Information obtained from ClinicalTrials.gov on July 15, 2010
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
A medicated adhesive patch placed on the skin to deliver a specific dose of medication into the bloodstream.
An electrophysiologic technique for studying cells, cell membranes, and occasionally isolated organelles. All patch-clamp methods rely on a very high-resistance seal between a micropipette and a membrane; the seal is usually attained by gentle suction. The four most common variants include on-cell patch, inside-out patch, outside-out patch, and whole-cell clamp. Patch-clamp methods are commonly used to voltage clamp, that is control the voltage across the membrane and measure current flow, but current-clamp methods, in which the current is controlled and the voltage is measured, are also used.
Skin tests in which the sensitizer is applied to a patch of cotton cloth or gauze held in place for approximately 48-72 hours. It is used for the elicitation of a contact hypersensitivity reaction.
An alkaloid that has actions similar to NICOTINE on nicotinic cholinergic receptors but is less potent. It has been proposed for a variety of therapeutic uses including in respiratory disorders, peripheral vascular disorders, insomnia, and smoking cessation.
Discontinuation of the habit of smoking, the inhaling and exhaling of tobacco smoke.
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