Electrostimulation of Shoulder Girdle and Quadriceps Muscles in Facioscapulohumeral Muscular Dystrophy Patients
The investigators evaluated clinical tolerance, biological tolerance, feasibility and efficacy of daily electrostimulation training of shoulder girdle and quadriceps muscles in 10 patients with facioscapulohumeral muscular dystrophy, the third most common inherited myopathy.
Autosomal dominant FSHD is characterized by selective pattern of muscle involvement. Weakness and atrophy typically involve facial and shoulder girdle muscles, and progressively anterior forearm and foreleg muscles and pelvic girdle muscles.
The physiopatholgical mechanism of this disease, due to a deletion of repeated units named D4Z4 located on 4q35, is still controversial. Up to date, no curative therapy is available for these patients. We proposed in the present study to test feasibility, clinical and biological tolerance and efficacy of shoulder muscle training by electrostimulation in a group of FSHD patients. 10 patients displaying classical FSHD phenotype participate to this study consisting in daily session of shoulder girdle and quadriceps muscles electrostimulation of 23 minutes for a period of 5 months.
We evaluated: clinical tolerance by daily pain and fatigue analogic scales, biological tolerance by measuring CK; feasibility: by measuring the monthly score of participation to sessions; the efficacy by manual muscle testing, quantitative muscle assessment, fatigue severity scale.
Control: Uncontrolled, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment
Facioscapulohumeral Muscular Dystrophy
CHU de Nice
Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Nice
Results (where available)
- Source: http://clinicaltrials.gov/show/NCT00821548
- Information obtained from ClinicalTrials.gov on July 15, 2010
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
A muscle protein localized in surface membranes which is the product of the Duchenne/Becker muscular dystrophy gene. Individuals with Duchenne muscular dystrophy usually lack dystrophin completely while those with Becker muscular dystrophy have dystrophin of an altered size. It shares features with other cytoskeletal proteins such as SPECTRIN and alpha-actinin but the precise function of dystrophin is not clear. One possible role might be to preserve the integrity and alignment of the plasma membrane to the myofibrils during muscle contraction and relaxation. MW 400 kDa.
Muscular Dystrophy, Emery-dreifuss
A heterogenous group of inherited muscular dystrophy without the involvement of nervous system. The disease is characterized by MUSCULAR ATROPHY; MUSCLE WEAKNESS; CONTRACTURE of the elbows; ACHILLES TENDON; and posterior cervical muscles; with or without cardiac features. There are several INHERITANCE PATTERNS including X-linked (X CHROMOSOME), autosomal dominant, and autosomal recessive gene mutations.
Muscular Dystrophy, Oculopharyngeal
An autosomal dominant hereditary disease that presents in late in life and is characterized by DYSPHAGIA and progressive ptosis of the eyelids. Mutations in the gene for POLY(A)-BINDING PROTEIN II have been associated with oculopharyngeal muscular dystrophy.
Muscular Dystrophy, Facioscapulohumeral
An autosomal dominant degenerative muscle disease characterized by slowly progressive weakness of the muscles of the face, upper-arm, and shoulder girdle. The onset of symptoms usually occurs in the first or second decade of life. Affected individuals usually present with impairment of upper extremity elevation. This tends to be followed by facial weakness, primarily involving the orbicularis oris and orbicularis oculi muscles. (Neuromuscul Disord 1997;7(1):55-62; Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p1420)
Mice, Inbred Mdx
A strain of mice arising from a spontaneous MUTATION (mdx) in inbred C57BL mice. This mutation is X chromosome-linked and produces viable homozygous animals that lack the muscle protein DYSTROPHIN, have high serum levels of muscle ENZYMES, and possess histological lesions similar to human MUSCULAR DYSTROPHY. The histological features, linkage, and map position of mdx make these mice a worthy animal model of DUCHENNE MUSCULAR DYSTROPHY.
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Facioscapulohumeral muscular dystrophy (FSHD) is a common form of muscular dystrophy in adults that is foremost characterized by progressive wasting of muscles in the upper body. FSHD is associated wi...
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