Ivermectin in the Treatment of Head Lice
The purpose of this study is to compare 2 single doses of ivermectin as tablets with 2 single applications of malathion 0.5% lotion (Days 1 and 8) in clearing head lice, in patients who have recently used standard head lice treatments without success.
Head lice infestation occurs frequently, primarily in children 3 to 11 years of age. In recent years an increasing prevalence of lice infestation in schools, day care centres, and summer day camps is believed to be partly due to increasing lice resistance to currently available standard treatments for pediculosis (infestation with lice). There is a need for new effective backup treatments for this common condition of head lice infestation. This is a double-blind, randomized, parallel-group, study in several clinical centres comparing ivermectin as tablets to malathion 0.5% lotion in the treatment of head lice. All enrolled patients participate in the primary phase of the study up to the Day 15 evaluation. Patients who are still infested with lice at Day 15 (treatment failures) will enter an extension phase and be treated in a double-blind, fashion with the opposite treatment (ie ivermectin or malathion). The study hypothesis is that ivermectin will be more effective than malathion in clearing head lice infestation , as measured by the proportion of patients who are lice-free at Study Day 15.
Allocation: Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor), Primary Purpose: Treatment
Johnson & Johnson Consumer & Personal Products Worldwide
Results (where available)
- Source: http://clinicaltrials.gov/show/NCT00819520
- Information obtained from ClinicalTrials.gov on July 15, 2010
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
A general name for small, wingless, parasitic insects, previously of the order Phthiraptera. Though exact taxonomy is still controversial, they can be grouped in the orders ANOPLURA (sucking lice), MALLOPHAGA (biting lice), and Rhynchophthirina (elephant-lice).
A pyrethroid insecticide commonly used in the treatment of LICE INFESTATIONS and SCABIES.
An order of small, wingless parasitic insects, commonly known as lice. The suborders include ANOPLURA (sucking lice); AMBLYCERA; ISCHNOCERA; and Rhynchophthirina (elephant and warthog lice).
Parasitic attack or subsistence on the skin by members of the order Phthiraptera, especially on humans by Pediculus humanus of the family Pediculidae. The hair of the head, eyelashes, and pubis is a frequent site of infestation. (From Dorland, 28th ed; Stedman, 26th ed)
Infestations with arthropods of the subclass ACARI, superorder Acariformes.
The purpose of this study is to determine if 0.5% Ivermectin Cream is a safe and effective treatment for head lice infestations.
Current treatments for head lice include over-the-counter products such as permethrin and prescription products such as OVIDE (malathion 0.5%) lotion. In a previous phase II study, a nove...
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The emergence of resistance to treatment complicates the public health problem of head-louse infestations and drives the need for continuing development of new treatments. There are limited data on th...