Multicenter Trial With PegLiposomal Doxorubicin and Carboplatin Combination Chemotherapy in Gynecological Sarcomas and Mixed Epithelial-Mesenchymal Tumors
Uterine sarcomas account for less than 5% of all carcinomas of the uterine corpus. The prognosis of these patients is extremely limited. Recurrence rates of 50-60% are reported even for early-stage disease (FIGO I/II). Median overall survival is below 12 months in patients with advanced or metastatic disease.
Ovarian carcinosarcoma is extremely rare among ovarian malignancies (< 2%). That is why there is insufficient data as a basis for establishing a gold standard. As a result, these cases tend to be treated in the same way as uterine sarcomas or epithelial ovarian malignancies in clinical practice.
On the basis of data published to date on the treatment of mixed mesenchymal-epithelial tumors, it is clear that the treatments commonly used to date have limited activity while producing clinically relevant toxicity. The regimes verified so far (Cisplatin / Ifosfamide, Ifosfamide/Paclitaxel and Gemcitabine/Docetaxel) exhibit a considerable side effect spectrum and are only rarely feasible on clinical everyday life conditions, so e. g. the rate of withdrawals due to toxicity was in a study collective of selected females treated with the last combination at 40 %. The physician has to check in every individual case if one of the above mentioned combinations is feasible. The search for alternative effective and better tolerated treatment options is essential. The toxicity data on the carboplatin-PLD combination are known, and efficacy has been identified in small cohorts.
The objective of this study is to explore the efficacy of combination PLD-carboplatin treatment in a larger patient population.
This study in patients with mesenchymal or mixed epithelial mesenchymal tumors of the ovary or uterus is designed as a prospective single-arm, open - label, multicenter phase II study to evaluate the efficacy of PegLiposomal Doxorubicin and Carboplatin combination chemotherapy.
40 patients will be recruited to receive PegLiposomal Doxorubicin (PLD) in a continuous i. v. infusion of at least 60 minutes at a dose of 40 mg/m2 on Day 1, followed by a 30-minute i. v. carboplatin infusion according to AUC 6 (formula devised by Calvert et al).
Patients will get outpatients treatment. At screening the patients' eligibility will be assessed, their baseline and demographic characteristics obtained, and baseline values for the effect variables collected. Patients with measurable lesions, non-measurable lesions or histological documentation will be included into this trial. Measurable lesion and non-measurable lesions will be documented by x-ray, ultrasound, computed tomography or MRI.
The patients' safety will be monitored during therapy until recovery of toxicities.
In patients with measurable lesions at baseline, the (post)-treatment values for effect according to the RECIST criteria will be collected as shown in table 6. CR, PR and SD have to be confirmed by a repeat measurement after an interval of at least four weeks.
Follow-up is scheduled every three months during the first two years after the end of treatment.
As from year 3 the follow-up takes place outside the study in the context of general aftercare.
Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment
PegLiposomal Doxorubicin, Carboplatin
Charité, Campus Virchow Klinikum, Frauenklinik
Active, not recruiting
AGO Ovarian Cancer Study Group
Results (where available)
- Source: http://clinicaltrials.gov/show/NCT00815945
- Information obtained from ClinicalTrials.gov on July 15, 2010
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
An organoplatinum compound that possesses antineoplastic activity.
A mixed tumor of odontogenic origin, in which both the epithelial and mesenchymal cells exhibit complete differentiation, resulting in the formation of tooth structures. (Jablonski, Illustrated Dictionary of Dentistry, 1982)
Solitary Fibrous Tumor, Pleural
A rare neoplasm, usually benign, derived from mesenchymal fibroblasts located in the submesothelial lining of the PLEURA. It spite of its various synonyms, it has no features of mesothelial cells and is not related to malignant MESOTHELIOMA or asbestos exposure.
Solitary Fibrous Tumors
Rare neoplasms of mesenchymal origin, usually benign, and most commonly involving the PLEURA (see SOLITARY FIBROUS TUMOR, PLEURAL). They also are found in extrapleural sites.
Antineoplastic antibiotic obtained from Streptomyces peucetius. It is a hydroxy derivative of DAUNORUBICIN.
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