Patient Controlled Epidural Analgesia Versus Continuous Epidural Infusion: Obstetrical and Neonatal Outcomes
The investigators intend to perform a large randomized trial using standardized obstetrical and anesthetic practice at a single institution to determine the effects of patient controlled epidural analgesia on obstetrical and neonatal outcomes.
Women in their first pregnancy in spontaneous labor desiring epidural anesthesia will be randomized to one of three groups. Each group will initially be given intrathecal bolus. Before and 30 minutes after the initial bolus, the patient's verbal pain score will be recorded. The continuous epidural infusion group (Group I) will be started immediately on a continuous pump infusion.They will also have the opportunity to give a PCA bolus Finally, the patient controlled epidural group (Group III) will be able to give a bolus every 20 minutes with no continuous infusion. Each group will also be allowed 2 boluses,by the anesthesia staff in the event that their pain is not controlled by the indicated study medication. An hourly evaluation of verbal pain score and maternal mobility will be recorded. After delivery, obstetrical outcomes, neonatal outcomes, anesthesia interventions, and patient satisfaction questionnaires will then be collected.
Allocation: Randomized, Control: Dose Comparison, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver)
bupivicaine epidural, bupivicaine epidural infusion patient epidural, bupivicaine
Long Beach Memorial Medical Center
Results (where available)
- Source: http://clinicaltrials.gov/show/NCT00810914
- Information obtained from ClinicalTrials.gov on July 15, 2010
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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
The injection of autologous blood into the epidural space either as a prophylactic treatment immediately following an epidural puncture or for treatment of headache as a result of an epidural puncture.
The relief of pain without loss of consciousness through the introduction of an analgesic agent into the epidural space of the vertebral canal. It is differentiated from ANESTHESIA, EPIDURAL which refers to the state of insensitivity to sensation.
A rare epidural hematoma in the spinal epidural space, usually due to a vascular malformation (CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM VASCULAR MALFORMATIONS) or TRAUMA. Spontaneous spinal epidural hematoma is a neurologic emergency due to a rapidly evolving compressive MYELOPATHY.
Circumscribed collections of suppurative material occurring in the spinal or intracranial EPIDURAL SPACE. The majority of epidural abscesses occur in the spinal canal and are associated with OSTEOMYELITIS of a vertebral body; ANALGESIA, EPIDURAL; and other conditions. Clinical manifestations include local and radicular pain, weakness, sensory loss, URINARY INCONTINENCE, and FECAL INCONTINENCE. Cranial epidural abscesses are usually associated with OSTEOMYELITIS of a cranial bone, SINUSITIS, or OTITIS MEDIA. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p710 and pp1240-1; J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry 1998 Aug;65(2):209-12)
Accumulation of blood in the EPIDURAL SPACE between the SKULL and the DURA MATER, often as a result of bleeding from the MENINGEAL ARTERIES associated with a temporal or parietal bone fracture. Epidural hematoma tends to expand rapidly, compressing the dura and underlying brain. Clinical features may include HEADACHE; VOMITING; HEMIPARESIS; and impaired mental function.