Sensitivity and Specificity of NGAL in an Emergency Room Population
Hypothesis: In patients that present to an urban emergency room, a single urine neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL) measurement can classify their kidney disease as stable chronic kidney disease, acute tubular necrosis, urinary outlet obstruction or pre-renal azotemia.
The purpose of this study is to determine whether urinary NGAL levels are able to distinguish the classical categories of renal disease. Previous studies have strongly suggested that this protein marks those with fulminant renal dysfunction with greater sensitivity and time resolution than currently used markers. Studies to date have been in highly selected populations: children and adults following cardiac surgery, infants with cardiovascular anomalies, and patients with known chronic kidney disease. Demonstration of similarly robust sensitivity and specificity in a broad Emergency Room population would strengthen the conception of NGAL as a marker of early or advancing kidney dysfunction. Most importantly, if NGAL can distinguish between types of renal disease at presentation in the ER, it might have important implications regarding ER management of these common presentations. For example, it could reduce diagnostic ambiguity and lag time from hours or days to seconds.
Observational Model: Cohort, Time Perspective: Prospective
Staten Island University Hospital
Results (where available)
- Source: http://clinicaltrials.gov/show/NCT00786708
- Information obtained from ClinicalTrials.gov on July 15, 2010
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
A biochemical abnormality referring to an elevation of BLOOD UREA NITROGEN and CREATININE. Azotemia can be produced by KIDNEY DISEASES or other extrarenal disorders. When azotemia becomes associated with a constellation of clinical signs, it is termed UREMIA.
One of the FLAVORING AGENTS used to impart a meat-like flavor. Medically it has been used to reduce blood ammonia levels in ammoniacal azotemia, therapy of hepatic coma, in psychosis, and mental retardation.
Purpura, Thrombotic Thrombocytopenic
An acquired, congenital, or familial disorder caused by PLATELET AGGREGATION with THROMBOSIS in terminal arterioles and capillaries. Clinical features include THROMBOCYTOPENIA; HEMOLYTIC ANEMIA; AZOTEMIA; FEVER; and thrombotic microangiopathy. The classical form also includes neurological symptoms and end-organ damage, such as RENAL FAILURE.
Blood Urea Nitrogen
The urea concentration of the blood stated in terms of nitrogen content. Serum (plasma) urea nitrogen is approximately 12% higher than blood urea nitrogen concentration because of the greater protein content of red blood cells. Increases in blood or serum urea nitrogen are referred to as azotemia and may have prerenal, renal, or postrenal causes. (From Saunders Dictionary & Encyclopedia of Laboratory Medicine and Technology, 1984)
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