Use of a Biofilm Antimicrobial Susceptibility Assay to Guide Antibiotic Therapy
The purpose of this study is to determine whether choosing antibiotics based on a biofilm antimicrobial susceptibility assay rather than a conventional planktonic antimicrobial susceptibility assay to treat CF patients with chronic P. aeruginosa infection with an acute pulmonary exacerbation is a safe intervention that will result in improved microbiological and clinical outcomes and decrease markers of pulmonary inflammation.
Cystic fibrosis (CF) is the most common fatal genetic condition in the Caucasian population and affects over 3,000 Canadians. Respiratory failure caused by chronic pulmonary infection is the primary cause of death in CF patients. The improved life expectancy of CF patients in the past several decades is due in part to the more aggressive use of antibiotics in the treatment of respiratory infections. However, there is currently no antimicrobial susceptibility assay that can predict which antibiotics will result in improved patient outcomes. Since Pseudomonas aeruginosa is known to grow as a resistant biofilm in the CF lung, antimicrobial susceptibility testing based on biofilm growth of P. aeruginosa may lead to different antibiotic choices that significantly decrease the pulmonary bacterial density of P. aeruginosa. A biofilm antimicrobial susceptibility assay thus has the ability to change the way antibiotics are chosen to treat CF patients and result in improved lung function and longer lives for all CF patients.
Allocation: Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Investigator), Primary Purpose: Treatment
Conventional antimicrobial susceptibility testing, Biofilm antimicrobial susceptibility testing
The Hospital for Sick Children
The Hospital for Sick Children
Results (where available)
- Source: http://clinicaltrials.gov/show/NCT00786513
- Information obtained from ClinicalTrials.gov on July 15, 2010
Susceptibility testing is commonly employed in patients with bacterial infections in order to guide rational use of antibiotics; however, the use of antifungal susceptibility testing is li...
This was a randomized multi-center clinical trial to compare the microbiological efficacy, clinical efficacy, and safety of using standard versus biofilm susceptibility testing of P. aerug...
To perform a laboratory sensitivity testing survey of antibiotic agents against Neisseria gonorrhea isolates from men with symptomatic urethritis seen at an STD clinic.
There is a lack of evidence of the long-term successful outcomes of antimicrobial endodontic treatment for primary teeth. This study intended to evaluate (by survival analysis) the effecti...
The present study is a retrospective cohort study on patients who suffered a nosocomial infection in major hospitals in Vietnam. Data relating to patient demography include age, gender; me...
Same Day Identification and Full Panel Antimicrobial Susceptibility Testing of Bacteria from Positive Blood Culture Bottles Made Possible by a Combined Lysis-Filtration Method with MALDI-TOF VITEK Mass Spectrometry and the VITEK2 System.
Rapid identification and antimicrobial susceptibility testing of microorganisms causing bloodstream infections or sepsis have the potential to improve patient care. This proof-of-principle study evalu...
Infections due to anaerobic bacteria can be severe and life-threatening. Susceptibility testing of anaerobes is not frequently performed in laboratories, but such testing is important to direct approp...
The critical concentration (CC) for ethambutol testing on the Bactec MGIT 960 M. tuberculosis susceptibility testing has been questioned in recent publications. In this study, we correlate susceptibil...
Three commercial antimicrobial susceptibility testing (AST) methods were compared to broth microdilution for testing of Staphylococcus aureus and enterococci against vancomycin, daptomycin, and linezo...
Antimicrobial susceptibility testing for the polymyxins-colistin and polymyxin B-is fraught with technical challenges. Key among these is the propensity of the polymyxins to adsorb to polystyrene, a m...
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
A method where a culturing surface inoculated with microbe is exposed to small disks containing known amounts of a chemical agent resulting in a zone of inhibition (usually in millimeters) of growth of the microbe corresponding to the susceptibility of the strain to the agent.
Detection of or testing for certain ALLELES, mutations, genotypes, or karyotypes that are associated with genetic traits, heritable diseases, or with a predisposition to a disease, or that may lead to the disease in descendants. It includes prenatal genetic testing.
Testing in which the source of the specimen or the person being tested is not individually identified.
An indolesulfonic acid that is used as a dye in renal function testing and as a reagent for the detection of nitrates and chlorates and in the testing of milk.
The testing of materials and devices, especially those used for PROSTHESES AND IMPLANTS; SUTURES; TISSUE ADHESIVES; etc., for hardness, strength, durability, safety, efficacy, and biocompatibility.